Request for Institutional Change

January 1999

Accreditation History and History of the University

Eastern Michigan University was founded in 1849 as Michigan State Normal School, the first institution of its kind west of the Allegheny Mountains and the sixth normal school founded in the U.S. The State Legislature changed the name in 1899 to Michigan State Normal College (MSNC), the first accredited by North Central Association. In 1917 MSNC was also accredited among the "Institutions Primarily for the Training of Teachers."

Normal College became the first college in Michigan offering work in industrial arts, business, home economics, music, occupational therapy, physical education, and special education. In 1912, the first extension course was offered to teachers in Bay City, Michigan, and in 1921 a separate extension division was created.

In 1956, in recognition of diversification of programs by MSNC, the official name of the institution was changed to Michigan State College. Further diversification of programs led to the final name change to Eastern Michigan University in 1959.

The decade of the 1960's brought great growth for EMU. The student population grew from 5,137 in 1960 to 19,965 in 1970. In contrast, the decade of the 1970's was marked by an enrollment decline from 21,410 in 1971/72 to 18, 648 in 1979/80. Like the 1960's, the 1980's was a decade of growth with enrollment increasing from 19,148 in 1981 to 24,958 in 1989. To date, the 1990's have seen enrollment grow to an all-time high of 26,000 stabilizing at 23,500 students.

As a result of the comprehensive NCA review in 1981, the Commission continued EMU's accreditation of the Specialist Degree-granting level and scheduled the next comprehensive review for 1990/91. A focused visit was conducted in 1986 to examine policies and procedures related to graduate education. As a result of the 1986 focused visit, the University was "recognized for correcting the problems identified in 1981;" and it was further stipulated that "no further reviews would take place until 1990/91."

The 1990 comprehensive review led to continued accreditation, with the next comprehensive review scheduled for 2000/2001. A focused visit in 1995 examined the Doctorate in Educational Leadership with a positive outcome. In 1996 EMU was granted approval to offer the doctorate in the Traverse City, Michigan area. In 1998, EMU’s institutional status was revised to include offering of degree programs at sites throughout Michigan.

Information and Documentation to Support a Request for Institutional Change

    Master of Liberal Studies in Technology (Information Security concentration)

1. A concise statement of the requested change. The statement should explicitly describe the nature of the proposed institutional change.

2. A rationale for the requested change.

(a) How this change comes under the Commission's policies:

(b) Why EMU has decided to initiate the change:

3. A description of how the change is appropriate to the institution's purposes. The request should give evidence that the proposed change is congruent with the overall mission and purposes of the institution and is a logical development of the institution at this point in its history.

4. Consideration of how the proposed change relates to the contents of the last NCA comprehensive Team Report. The request should describe how the proposed change would affect the scope of the institution's educational programs and activities as they were assessed on the last team's visit. If the change grows out of institutional strengths reported by the team, that should be noted. If the proposed change relates or would have an effect upon any of the team's concerns, these concerns should be addressed.

5. A description of the planning process that led to the proposed change. Typically, a recent Need Analysis conducted by the institution as part of this process should be included as well as other relevant planning documents.

An effective Needs Analysis confirms that:

Planning for off-campus programs usually begins when either individuals request that EMU consider offering a certain program in their geographic regions or when EMU identifies potential markets for programming. The Master of Liberal Studies in Technology (Information Security concentration) is no exception.

As modern organizations increasingly depend upon complex, global information systems, careers in the security of such systems have burgeoned. EMU’s College of Technology developed the Information Security program on-campus in response to a need for professional development for this emerging profession.

Program faculty from the College of Technology met with the National Security Agency, the Department of Defense, and software development companies (CSC, SAIC, BDM) to discuss development of the concentration in Information Security. In the fall of 1995, public hearings were held at SAIC and BDM. The response at the hearings indicated high demand for the program.

Professionals who have participated in the on-campus program are now in the Washington, D.C., area and have urged EMU to bring the program there. Three cohorts of 25 students each are planned.

6. Evidence that the institution has the necessary internal and external approvals to initiate the change.


The EMU Board of Regents approved the Information Security concentration in 1995. The President, Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs, Associate Vice President for Extended Programs, Dean of the College of Technology and Dean of Continuing Education all endorse the Master of Liberal Studies in Technology (Information Security concentration) in the Washington, DC, area.
    • External Approvals. Eastern Michigan University has secured a license to operate in the District of Columbia, specifically to offer the Master of Liberal Studies in Technology (Information Security concentration) (Attachment B).



7. An analysis of the institution’s continued ability to meet the General Institutional Requirements and the Criteria for Accreditation. The request needs to address the possible effect the proposed change will have on the institution’s continuing ability to meet the General Institutional Requirements and the Criteria for Accreditation.

a. General Institution Requirements

b. Criteria for Accreditation

8. An analysis of the anticipated effect of the proposed change on the other parts of the institution. Any time an institution makes a change, that change inevitably affects the institution's other activities. Effective requests provide evidence that the institution has taken into account potential problems. Rather than emphasizing the salutary impact of the proposed change, the institution should provide a critical analysis of the anticipated effect of the proposed change throughout the institution.

9. Evidence that the institution has established the processes to assure that it has the capability to initiate and maintain the proposed change and to monitor acceptable quality once the change has been implemented. The request should describe the decision-making processes used to conclude that the institution has the resources needed to carry out the proposed change. The request should specify how the change will be integrated into the institution's plan to document student academic achievement. If program review exists, the request should include an analysis of how systematic evaluation of the proposed change will be incorporated into the institution's established program review processes.

a. Planning

b. Assuring Quality

10. Evidence that the institution has organized and planned for adequate human, financial, physical, and instructional resources to initiate and support the proposed change. For all resources, the institution should clearly indicate which resources are already in place, which ones have yet to be acquired, and what strategies will be employed to acquire any necessary new resources. Successful Change requests usually include these elements of evidence:

Human Resources

Financial Resources

Physical Resources

Instructional Resources


1. Future Direction

2. Summary of Basis for Request