Eastern Michigan University
Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008 (HEOA)
This website outlines Eastern Michigan University's (EMU) plan to comply with the Higher Education Opportunity Act (HEOA). HEOA includes provisions to reduce the illegal uploading and downloading of copyrighted works through peer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing. Specifically, HEOA requires institutions to:
- Make an annual disclosure that informs students that the illegal distribution of copyrighted materials may subject them to criminal and civil penalties and describes the steps that institutions will take to detect and punish illegal distribution of copyrighted materials
- Certify to the Secretary of Education that they have developed plans to "effectively combat" the unauthorized distribution of copyrighted material including the "the use of one or more technology-based deterrents"
- Offer alternatives to illegal file sharing to the extent practical
- Identify procedures for periodically reviewing the effectiveness of the plans to combat the unauthorized distribution of copyrighted materials
1. Annual Disclosure
EMU uses a wide variety of methods to inform students about copyright laws:
- The EMU Board Policy website (http://www.emich.edu/policies/policy.php?id-163) provides information and guidelines regarding copyright laws and fair use to the campus community.
- All students are required to adhere to the practices stated in "The EMU Acceptable Use Policy". All residential students must also accept the terms stated in "ResNet Rules". Both policies include a section on copyright compliance and are included in the Student Handbook and posted on the University's website.
- Each year the Division of Information Technology sends out a memo via email to all students regarding copyright laws and campus policies related to violating copyright laws.
2. Devise a plan to "effectively combat the unauthorized distribution of copyrighted materials" by users of its network
EMU uses several technology-based deterrents to combat the unauthorized distribution of copyrighted materials:
- EMU uses bandwidth-shaping software to ensure a fair allocation of network bandwidth to all users. When any user begins to consume an inordinate amount of bandwidth, the software reduces the bandwidth available to that particular user. This prevents any individual user or group from monopolizing network resources.
- EMU currently blocks all known P2P traffic using intrusion detection system signatures (IDS).
- EMU's policies and procedures regarding the Digital Millennium Copyright Act and response to infringement claims are published on the University's web site. If the University receives a complaint that a user is redistributing copyrighted material, that user's internet connection is blocked until the complaint is resolved. If the University receives multiple complaints about a single user, he/she is referred to the Office of Student Conduct and Community Standards for appropriate action.
3. Alternative online sources for copyrighted materials
There are many legal sources for copyrighted materials such as music and movies. There is a wide range of business models; some are free and some charge a nominal fee. The Motion Picture Association of American (http://www.mpaa.org/) maintains an up-to-date and comprehensive list of legal sources.
Cornell University also maintains a list of legal sources for online music and videos:
4. Reviewing Effectiveness
Beginning with the 2011-12 academic year and periodically thereafter, we will survey community members to assess the extent to which our anti-piracy messages are reaching them. We will analyze the impact of our technical efforts to combat illegal file sharing and other aspects of our plans to combat the unauthorized distribution of copyrighted materials.
5. Additional Resources
The following EMU websites have additional information about the proper use of copyrights:
- Board Policy on Copyrights: http://www.emich.edu/policies/policy.php?id=163
- Library Research Guide on Copyrights: http://guides.emich.edu/copyright
Industry information on the proper use of copyrights is available at:
- Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) copyright website:
- Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) copyright website:
Division of Information Technology
118 Pray Harrold
Ypsilanti, MI 48197