Eastern Michigan University
Eastern Michigan University
Eastern Michigan University
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Eastern Michigan University Library

Library Electronic Reference Sources


The EMU Library subscribes to a growing collection of online reference resources which include dictionaries, encyclopedias, handbooks, company information, style guides, etc.

This site contains links to over 400 online reference titles, organizes them by discipline, and allows you to browse descriptions of the titles. Disciplines include subcategories. For example, biology includes subcategories for botany, genetics, molecular and microbiology, zoology and animal resources. Multidisciplinary titles are usually listed under multiple disciplines.

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NOTE: This site's search feature only searches the title's description field for matching words and does not search within the content of the title.

To search the content within a specific title, you must first go to that title by clicking on its link and then use the "search" option found on its homepage.

The following publisher web links allow you to directly search the content of multiple electronic reference books and then display the associated content from those titles:

Gale Virtual Reference Library

Sage eReference Books


    Main Subject: History




American History Resources

(History Resource Center: U.S.)
History Resource Center: U.S. provides integrated access to over 4,000 historical (primary) documents, articles from more than 30 reference titles, and over 110 full-text journal covering themes, events, individuals and periods in U.S. history from pre-Colonial times to the present. The material also includes citations from over 180 additional history journals from the Institute for Scientific Information's Arts and Humanities Citation Index, as well as the entire "American Journey Online" series.

Affirmative Action: a Reference Handbook
Affirmative action: a reference handbook / Lynne Eisaguirre. Publisher:Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO, c1999. Description: xii, 222 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. Subject(s): Affirmative action programs --United States --History. Affirmative action programs --Law and legislation --United States.

African American History and Culture (from Encyclopedia Smithsonian)
Encyclopedia Smithsonian: African American History and Culture features a wealth of information, including a list of links, exhibitions, and recommended readings including teaching resources.

Bill of Rights
Title: The Bill of Rights [electronic resource] / edited by Thomas T. Lewis. Publisher: Pasadena, Calif. : Salem Press, c2002. 2 v. : ill., ports. ; 24 cm. v. 1. Bill of Rights, Amendments, Issues -- v. 2. Court cases, appendices, index.

Bill of Rights: Creation and Reconstruction
Title: The Bill of Rights [electronic resource] : creation and reconstruction / Akhil Reed Amar. Publisher: New Haven : Yale University Press, c1998. xv, 412 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.

Datapedia of the United States: American History in Numbers
Title: Datapedia of the United States [electronic resource] : American history in numbers / edited by George Thomas Kurian. Edition: 3rd ed. Publisher: Lanham, MD : Bernan Press, 2004. xvii, 506 p. : ill. ; 29 cm.

Dictionary of American History
Dictionary of American history [electronic resource] / Stanley I. Kutler, editor in chief. Virtual reference library. Edition: 3rd ed. Publisher: New York, N.Y. : Charles Scribner’s Sons, c2003. v. 1. Aachen-Butler -- v. 2. Cabeza-Demography -- v. 3. Denomination-Ginseng -- v. 4. Girl Scouts-Kwanzaa -- v. 5. La Follette-Nationalism -- v. 6. Native-Pyramid -- v. 7. Quakers-Suburb -- v. 8. Subversion-Zuni -- v. 9. Archival maps and primary sources -- v. 10. Contributors, learning guide.

Eleanor Roosevelt Encyclopedia
Title: The Eleanor Roosevelt encyclopedia [electronic resource] / edited by Maurine H. Beasley, Holly C. Shulman, and Henry R. Beasley ; foreword by Blanche Wiesen Cook ; introduction by James McGregor Burns. Publisher: Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 2001.

Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy
Essays by subject experts treat concepts and doctrines, policymaking, commerce and science, human rights and arms control, with specific articles on topics ranging from anti-imperialism to environmental diplomacy, from refugee policies to terrorism and countermeasures. Also includes a chronology.

Encyclopedia of American Immigration
Encyclopedia of American Immigration traces the scope and sweep of U.S. immigration from the earliest colonial settlements to the present, focusing on critical issues as well as the groups of people involved. Every major immigrant group and every era are fully documented and examined through detailed analysis of social, legal, political, economic, and demographic factors.

Encyclopedia of American Urban history
The two volumes of the Encyclopedia of American Urban History offer both a summary and an interpretation of the field. With contributions from leading academics in their fields, this authoritative resource offers an interdisciplinary approach by covering topics from economics, geography, anthropology, politics, and sociology. Edited by: David R Goldfield University of North Carolina, Charlotte Pub Date: 12-07-2006 Pages: 1056

Encyclopedia of Civil Rights in America
The Encyclopedia of Civil Rights in America is a comprehensive, alphabetically-organized reference source on the human rights and civil liberties that are legally recognized in the United States. The 677 entries address civil rights issues from a variety of perspectives, such as race, gender, age, medical status or conditions, physical and mental challenges, group membership, religion, and many others.

Encyclopedia of Immigration and Migration in the American West
The American West is a vast landscape, larger than Western Europe and ranging across geographic variations from deserts and mountains to fertile valleys and swift rivers. This great and varied landmass became home to successive waves of immigrants who, over ten thousand years, shaped it and were shaped by it. The immigrant groups were as varied as the landscape in which they came to live. Indian peoples were the first, moving steadily south and west over generations, changing as the landscape they encountered challenged and then supported them. Soon after the opening of the 16th century, representatives of several European nations appeared, at first singly and then in small groups. Although initially few in numbers, they made their homes across the West; interacted with Indian peoples through trade, missions, and sometimes alliances; and publicized the new (for Europe) land.

Encyclopedia of Recreation and Leisure in America
A two-volume survey of the pursuit of leisure in the United States, from Colonial to modern times, presented through 271 alphabetically arranged entries. Coverage includes specific types of recreational activities as well as important themes in the history of leisure. For students, researchers, and general readers.

Encyclopedia of the American Constitution
Contains new and updated original articles covering recent concepts (i.e. adoption, race, the Constitution, birthright citizenship) and court cases since 1992 offering comprehensive coverage of all aspects of constitutional law, as well as biographies of people who have had an impact on our government's legal framework (Supreme Court Justices, Presidents, Cabinet Members, Lawyers, and more). Also covers judicial decisions handed down by the Supreme Court.

Encyclopedia of War & American Society
This encyclopedia includes substantial essays on the wars Americans have fought, their civilian and military leaders, and their major military institutions. It goes well beyond those subjects, however, in two significant ways. First, it probes the connections between our wartime expeditions and the experiences of the larger American society. This exploration is not limited to years of war; it also includes discussions of those aspects of society that bear the marks of wartime experience after the conflicts end.

Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America
Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America contains 152 original essays (about 8,000-12,000 words each) on specific minority and ethnic groups in the U.S., with an emphasis on culture (religions, holidays, customs, language) in addition to information on historical background and settlement patterns. The Encyclopedia also covers ethnoreligious groups such as Jews, Chaldeans and Amish.

Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History
Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History is designed to answer such key questions as: How has the U.S. Constitution shaped the economy of the United States? What were the consequences of Prohibition on consumers behavior? This title presents 1,000 entries, era overviews, event/movement profiles, biographies, business/industry profiled, geographic profiles, and more.

Harlem Renaissance: an Annotated Reference Guide for Student Research
The Harlem Renaissance [computer file] : an annotated reference guide for student research / Marie E. Rodgers. Publisher:Englewood, Colo. : Libraries Unlimited, 1998. Description: xvii, 139 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. Subject(s): Harlem Renaissance --Bibliography. African American arts --New York (State) --New York --Bibliography.

Historical Dictionary of American Education
Title: Historical dictionary of American education [electronic resource] / edited by Richard J. Altenbaugh. Publisher: Westport, Conn : Greenwood Press, 1999. Description: xvi, 499 p. ; 25 cm.

History and Culture: Smithsonian Encyclopedia
A broad range of topics from Advertising, Economics and Work, Military History, to Stamps and Letters are covered in this subset of the Smithsonian Encyclopedia. Content includes topical images and descriptions along with suggested readings.

Hutchinson Dictionary of American History
Title: The Hutchinson dictionary of American history [electronic resource]. Publisher: Abingdon : Helicon Pub., c2005.

Hutchinson Inside American history
Title: Hutchinson inside American history [electronic resource]. Publisher: Abingdon : Helicon Pub., c2005.

United States at War
Title: The United States at war [electronic resource] / edited by John C. Super. Publisher: Pasadena, Calif. : Salem Press, c2005. 2 v. (xvii, 831 p.) : ill., maps ; 24 cm. v. 1. Revolutionary War--World War I -- v. 2. World War II--Post-Cold War conflicts

Utah History Encyclopedia
Title: Utah history encyclopedia [computer file] / edited by Allan Kent Powell. Publisher: Salt Lake City : University of Utah Press, c1994.

History Resources

(History Resource Center: U.S.)
History Resource Center: U.S. provides integrated access to over 4,000 historical (primary) documents, articles from more than 30 reference titles, and over 110 full-text journal covering themes, events, individuals and periods in U.S. history from pre-Colonial times to the present. The material also includes citations from over 180 additional history journals from the Institute for Scientific Information's Arts and Humanities Citation Index, as well as the entire "American Journey Online" series.

A-Z of Modern Europe Since 1789
Title: A-Z of modern Europe since 1789 [electronic resource] / Martin Polley. Publisher: London ; New York : Routledge, 2000.

Concise History of the Middle East
Title: A concise history of the Middle East [electronic resource] / Arthur Goldschmidt Jr. Edition: 7th ed., 25th anniversary ed. Publisher: Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press, 2002. Description: xvi, 504 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm.

Dictionary of Contemporary History, 1945 to the Present
Title: A dictionary of contemporary history, 1945 to the present [electronic resource] / Duncan Townson. Publisher: Oxford, Oxfordshire ; Malden, Mass. : Blackwell Publishers, 1999.

Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities Published by Oxford University Press 1878 Digitized by Googlebooks 2007

Dictionary of Nineteenth-Century World History
Title: A Dictionary of nineteenth-century world history [electronic resource] / edited by John Belchem and Richard Price ; advisory editor, Richard J. Evans. Publisher: Oxford, Oxfordshire, UK ; Cambridge, Mass., USA : Blackwell, 1994.

Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood: In History and Society.
This 3-vol. set presents the social and cultural history of childhood from antiquity to the present. Children and Childhood examines this history through articles on education, parenting, child labor, economics, images of childhood, children's literature, play, toys and games, health, physiology, law, the criminal justice system and social welfare. Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood: In History and Society. Paula S. Fass, ed. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2004. 1056 pp. 3 vol

Encyclopedia of Women in the American West
Through these articles, the Encyclopedia of Women in the American West brings together an array of experiences, and like its predecessor publications, hopes to advance continued scholarship in western women's history, to develop new methodologies for analysis, and to locate new materials that will allow for inclusiveness and a broader, more accurate understanding of women's contributions to western and American history.

Europe, 1450 to 1789: An Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World
A six-volume survey of European history from 1450, the beginning of the print revolution, to 1789 and the French Revolution. Presents over 1,000 alphabetically arranged entries covering the period?s most significant personalities and meaningful developments in the arts, religion, politics, exploration, and warfare. For students, scholars, and general readers.

Genealogy Online
Title: Genealogy online [electronic resource] / Elizabeth Powell Crowe. Edition: 5th ed. Publisher: New York : Osborne/McGraw-Hill, c2001. Description: xxix, 401 p. : ill.

Historical Dictionary of Afghanistan
Title: Historical dictionary of Afghanistan [computer file] / Ludwig W. Adamec. Edition: 2nd ed. Publisher: Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 1997. Description: xiii, 499 p. : map ; 23 cm.

Historical Dictionary of Australia
Title: Historical dictionary of Australia [computer file] / James C. Docherty. Edition: 2nd ed. Publisher: Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 1999.

Historical Dictionary of Azerbaijan
Title: Historical dictionary of Azerbaijan [computer file] / Tadeusz Swietochowski and Brian C. Collins. Publisher: Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 1999.

Historical Dictionary of Bangladesh
Title: Historical dictionary of Bangladesh [computer file] / Craig Baxter and Syedur Rahman. Edition: 2nd ed. Publisher: Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 1996.

Historical Dictionary of Botswana
Title: Historical dictionary of Botswana [computer file] / Jeff Ramsay, Barry Morton, and Fred Morton. Edition: 3rd ed. Publisher: Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 1996.

Historical Dictionary of Burkina Faso
Title: Historical dictionary of Burkina Faso [computer file] / Daniel Miles McFarland and Lawrence A. Rupley. Edition: 2nd ed. Publisher: Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 1998. Description: lxxvii, 279 p. : maps ; 23 cm.

Historical Dictionary of Niger
Title: Historical dictionary of Niger [computer file] / by Samuel Decalo. Edition: 3rd ed. Publisher: Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 1997. Description: xxxi, 486 p. : maps ; 23 cm.

Historical Dictionary of Pakistan
Title: Historical dictionary of Pakistan [computer file] / Shahid Javed Burki. Edition: 2nd ed. Publisher: Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 1999. Description: liii, 403 p. : map ; 23 cm.

Historical Dictionary of Palestine
Title: Historical dictionary of Palestine [computer file] / by Nafez Y. Nazzal and Laila A. Nazzal . Publisher: Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 1997. Description: xc, 304 p. : maps ; 23 cm.

Historical Dictionary of the 1960s
Title: Historical dictionary of the 1960s [electronic resource] / edited by James S. Olson ; associate editor, Samuel Freeman. Publisher: Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1999. Description: viii, 548 p. ; 24 cm.

Historical Dictionary of the People’s Republic of China, 1949-1997
Title: Historical dictionary of the People’s Republic of China, 1949-1997 [computer file] / Lawrence R. Sullivan, with the assistance of Nancy R. Hearst. Publisher: Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 1997.

Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau
Title: Historical dictionary of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau [computer file] / Richard Andrew Lobban, Jr. and Peter Karibe Mendy. Edition: 3rd ed. Publisher: Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 1997. Description: xxiii, 412 p., [8] p. of plates : ill., maps ; 22 cm.

History and Culture: Smithsonian Encyclopedia
A broad range of topics from Advertising, Economics and Work, Military History, to Stamps and Letters are covered in this subset of the Smithsonian Encyclopedia. Content includes topical images and descriptions along with suggested readings.

History of India
Title: The history of India [electronic resource] / John McLeod. Publisher: Westport, CT : Greenwood Press, 2002. Description: xx, 223 p. : maps ; 24 cm.

Hutchinson Book of Days
Title: The Hutchinson book of days [electronic resource]. Publisher: Abingdon [U.K.] : Helicon, c2005.

Hutchinson Chronology of World History
Title: The Hutchinson chronology of world history [electronic resource]. Edition: Compact ed. Publisher: Abingdon, Oxon : Helicon Pub., c2004.

Hutchinson Chronology of World History. Volume I, (Prehistory-AD 1491)
Title: The Hutchinson chronology of world history. Volume I, (Prehistory-AD 1491) [electronic resource]. Publisher: Abingdon, England : Helicon, c2004.

Hutchinson Chronology of World History. Volume II, (1492-1775)
Title: The Hutchinson chronology of world history. Volume II, (1492-1775) [electronic resource]. Publisher: Abingdon, England : Helicon, c2004.

Hutchinson Chronology of World History. Volume III, (1776-1900
Title: The Hutchinson chronology of world history. Volume III, (1776-1900) [electronic resource]. Publisher: Abingdon, England : Helicon, c2004.

Hutchinson Chronology of World History. Volume IV, (1901-2003)
Title: The Hutchinson chronology of world history. Volume IV, (1901-2003) [electronic resource]. Publisher: Abingdon, England : Helicon, 2004.

Hutchinson Dictionary of 20th-Century World History
Title: The Hutchinson dictionary of 20th-century world history [electronic resource]. Publisher: Abingdon, England : Helicon, 2005.

Hutchinson Dictionary of American History
Title: The Hutchinson dictionary of American history [electronic resource]. Publisher: Abingdon : Helicon Pub., c2005.

Hutchinson Dictionary of World History
Title: The Hutchinson dictionary of world history [electronic resource]. Publisher: Oxon : Helicon Pub., c2004.

Hutchinson Encyclopedia of Ireland
The Hutchinson encyclopedia of Ireland [electronic resource]. Publisher: Abingdon, Oxon : Helicon Pub., c2004. Description: Book

Hutchinson Guide to Britain
Title: The Hutchinson guide to Britain [electronic resource]. Publisher: Abingdon : Helicon Pub., c2004.

Hutchinson Illustrated Encyclopedia of British history
Hutchinson illustrated encyclopedia of British history [electronic resource]. Publisher: Abingdon : Helicon Pub., c2004.

Hutchinson Inside American history
Title: Hutchinson inside American history [electronic resource]. Publisher: Abingdon : Helicon Pub., c2005.

Hutchinson Pocket Dictionary of History
Title: The Hutchinson pocket dictionary of history [electronic resource]. Publisher: Abingdon : Helicon Pub., c2005.

Modern China: an Encyclopedia of History, Culture, and Nationalism
Title: Modern China [computer file] : an encyclopedia of history, culture, and nationalism / editor Wang Ke-wen. Publisher: New York : Garland Pub., 1998.

Science and Its Times
The histories of science, technology, and mathematics merge with the study of humanities and social science in this interdisciplinary reference work. Essays on people, theories, discoveries, and concepts are combined with overviews, bibliographies of primary documents, and chronological elements to offer students a fascinating way to understand the impact of science on the course of human history and how science affects everyday life. Approximately 2,000 entries.

St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture
Includes more than 2,700 signed essays ranging from 500 to 2,500 words, written by subject experts and edited to form a consistent, readable, and straightforward reference. Entries include subject-specific bibliographies and, where appropriate, photographs and textual cross-references to related essays.