Eastern Michigan University
Eastern Michigan University
Eastern Michigan University
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Eastern Michigan University Library

Library Electronic Reference Sources


The EMU Library subscribes to a growing collection of online reference resources which include dictionaries, encyclopedias, handbooks, company information, style guides, etc.

This site contains links to over 400 online reference titles, organizes them by discipline, and allows you to browse descriptions of the titles. Disciplines include subcategories. For example, biology includes subcategories for botany, genetics, molecular and microbiology, zoology and animal resources. Multidisciplinary titles are usually listed under multiple disciplines.

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To search the content within a specific title, you must first go to that title by clicking on its link and then use the "search" option found on its homepage.

The following publisher web links allow you to directly search the content of multiple electronic reference books and then display the associated content from those titles:

Gale Virtual Reference Library

Sage eReference Books


    Main Subject: Social Work




Social Work Resources

(Encyclopedia of Social Work: 20th Edition)
Co-published by the National Association of Social Workers and Oxford University Press, the 20th edition of the Encyclopedia of Social Work is widely considered the cornerstone of reference in its field. This new edition includes coverage of areas that have come to the fore since the 1995 publication of the 19th edition, including demographic changes from immigration, technology, the implications of managed care, faith-based assistance, evidence-based practice, gerontology, and trauma and disaster.

(International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences: 2nd Edition)
Covers scholarship and fields that have emerged and matured since the publication of the original international edition. Highlights the expanding influence of economics in social science research and features new articles and biographies contributed by scholars from around the world on a wide array of global topics in the social sciences. William A. Darity, Jr. Edition: 2nd ed. Macmillan Reference 2008

21st Century Sociology
The model followed for this Handbook is one of inclusiveness in that a large number of topics are covered, but in so doing, the authors address each topic in a thorough, comprehensive manner. Although there is certain to be some modest theoretical and methodological overlap between some of the topics, each chapter is developed to reflect the unique historical development of the topic, offers a general overview of the current state of knowledge, and provides suggestions for how the area of inquiry is destined to develop as we move well into the twenty-first century. These topics are both interesting and informative in that the chapter content offers the reader insight into the rich legacy and development of the discipline of sociology while also providing the requisite reference information for advanced study and research into each substantive area. In this regard, there is a sufficient amount of information to support the rich sociological legacy of enabling public policy-oriented readers ample opportunity to learn while also providing important insights for those who enthusiastically embrace social activism as a part of the sociological enterprise. Published November 2006.

Blackwell Dictionary of Sociology
Title: The Blackwell dictionary of sociology [electronic resource] : a user’s guide to sociological language / Allan G. Johnson. Edition: 2nd ed. Publisher: Oxford, OX, UK ; Malden, Mass., USA : Blackell Publishers, 2000.

Encyclopedia of African-American Heritage
"This volume provides thorough yet succinct information about Africans who remained on the continent as well as those in the diaspora (the movement of African people to and from the continent for over a millennium). This focus is primarily on indigenous Africans and blacks in the United States but also includes information about descendants of the African motherland...." Publisher: New York : Facts On File, c1997

Encyclopedia of Applied Developmental Science
Encyclopedia of Applied Developmental Science Applied developmental science (ADS) seeks to advance the integration of developmental research with actions that promote positive development and/or enhance the life chances of vulnerable children, adolescents, young and old adults, and their families. There are three integrated components of ADS activity: theory/research, professional practice (i.e., the enactment of the services and/or the generation of the products associated with fields such as psychology, education, social work, nursing, and youth development programming), and policy and program development and evaluation. The goals of this integration are to (a) promote positive human development, (b) strengthen and enhance family life, (c) build communities and community collaborations from an asset- or strength-based orientation, and (d) engage policy to create and sustain efforts at enriching civil society. Indeed, the systemic interrelation of these four substantive foci (positive human development, family life enhancement, community building, and policy engagement for civil society) justifies the three domains of activity for the field (theory/ research, practice, and evaluation) and has accounted for the burgeoning of university-community collaboration to further this work. The substantive foci of the Encyclopedia of Applied Developmental Science involves describing and explaining all four of these foci in regard to theory/ research, professional practice, and evaluation.

Encyclopedia of Behavior Modification and Cognitive Behavior Therapy
This three-volume work provides a thorough examination of components comprising behavior modification, behavior therapy, cognitive behavior therapy, and applied behavior analysis for both adult and child populations in a variety of settings (e.g., outpatient, institutional, and classroom). The specific volumes are as follows: Volume I: Adult Clinical Applications, Volume II: Child Clinical Applications, and Volume III: Educational Applications. Although the focus is on technical applications, the hundreds of entries also provide historical context to apprise readers of the parameters in which behavior therapists have worked, including research issues and strategies. Entries also contain descriptions of assessment, ethical concerns, theoretical differences, and the unique contributions of key figures in the field. In so doing, there are both biographical sketches and autobiographical sketches for the interested reader.

Encyclopedia of Community
Community itself is a concept, an experience, and a central part of being human. Whether the reader is a student, researcher, or professional in the field of psychology, sociology, or even economics, this three-volume work will provide the necessary definitions of community beyond traditional views. Arranged in an A-to-Z fashion, the Encyclopedia can also be viewed topically via a Reader's Guide. This allows for interdisciplinary "compare and contrast" among topics such as types of communities, social capital, technology, urban life, politics and law, community design, and global studies.

Encyclopedia of Disability
The Encyclopedia of Disability was conceived in a broad context. While there has been much research on disability, the research presented in these volumes has usually been approached from an interdisciplinary perspective whenever possible and broken into manageable topics for investigation.

Encyclopedia of Evaluation
The Encyclopedia of Evaluation is a who, what, where, how, and why of evaluation. Evaluation is a profession, a practice, a discipline—and it has developed and continues to develop through the ideas and work of evaluators and evaluation theorists working in real places with high hopes for social improvement. Each individual entry in this book gives a glimpse of a particular aspect of this development, and taken as a whole, the encyclopedia captures the history of evaluation in all these many ways.

Encyclopedia of Health and Behavior
The Encyclopedia of Health and Behavior is organized in an A–Z (alphabetical) format rather than by specific themes. In developing the topics that were to be included, however, the editors did rely on several different content areas or themes. These themes included, but were not limited to, the following: Theories and methods in health and behavior (e.g., the theory of planned behavior, health belief model, and multilevel methods theory) Biopsychosocial interactions and basic behavioral and social processes (e.g., behavioral genetics, psychoneuroimmunology, and cardiovascular reactivity). Epidemiology of risk and protective factors (e.g., the relationship to health and illness of factors such as diet, bereavement, acculturation, social capital, anxiety, social support, and stress) Health promotion and disease prevention (e.g., HIV/AIDS prevention, health promotion in schools, tailored communications, and church-based interventions) Treatment and rehabilitation (e.g., behavioral and psychological treatment of diabetes, drug abuse, fibromyalgia, asthma, headaches, and pain; doctorpatient communication; motivational interviewing; and adherence) Policy and organizational issues (e.g., health care costs and behavior, and health and behavior organizations)

Encyclopedia of Health Care Management
This Encyclopedia of Health Care Management is intended to help them understand the business and management issues in the health care industry. Given such a large industry with so many different issues, there are about 600 keywords defined in this volume. The keywords are classified into 16 general categories. Please see the Reader's Guide for the categories and the keywords. Additionally, there are tables on medical degrees, medical specialties, medical organizations, medical legislation, and health care acronyms to facilitate understanding of the business and management issues in the health care industry.

Encyclopedia of Health Services Research: 2009
The Encyclopedia of Health Services Research addresses the study of the accessibility, costs, quality, and outcomes of healthcare. Articles are grouped under 22 Reader Guide Categories and also an A-Z listing, and subject guides. Bibliography includes links to web resources and print titles. Los Angeles : Sage, c2009. ISBN:9781412951791 (set : alk. paper) 1412951798 (set : alk. paper) Description:2 v. (xxx, 1409 p.) : ill. ; 29 cm. Subjects:Public health--Research--Encyclopedias. Medical care--Research--Encyclopedias. Health Services Research--Encyclopedias--English.

Encyclopedia of Homelessness
The goal of the Encyclopedia of Homelessness is to summarize our knowledge of homelessness. This includes describing the patterns of homelessness in the past, focusing on the recent and current situation in the United States, and sampling homelessness around the world. Entries cover causes; history; legal issues, advocacy, and policy; legislation and programs; lifestyle and health problems; organizations; research; services and service settings; size and perceptions; subpopulations and lifestyles; and world issues and perspectives. Descriptive articles cover homelessness today in eight major American cities and more than thirty cities and nations around the world. These entries allow for quick and easy comparisons

Encyclopedia of Juvenile Justice
This work was compiled with the belief that everyone should be familiar with the history and current operations of the juvenile justice system. Many of the entries in this encyclopedia begin with a historical discussion to help frame the issues. Any understanding of contemporary problems must begin with an appreciation for where we have been. This encyclopedia seeks to provide an accurate and readable resource for students of juvenile justice, criminology, and criminal justice. To assist in this process, each entry includes a bibliography listing the most important references related to the topic as well as other related topics that might enlighten the reader further.

Encyclopedia of Multicultural Psychology
Culture is important, and the focus of the Encyclopedia of Multicultural Psychology is to provide an index to the terms, concepts, and issues in the main-stream of field. Professional organizations since the 1970s have advocated and demonstrated the need for more comprehensive ideas when it comes to human behavior that include cultural background when studying psychological constructs. And, since the 1970s, international and ethnic minority psychologists alike reflected growing concerns regarding the meaning of psychology for all peoples. The field of multicultural and cross-cultural psychology has a relatively short history and is making its way into the foundations for training new psychologists. To this end, national accrediting organizations in psychology and licensure boards across the country continue to refine mandates for training that include a focus on multicultural psychology. As more multicultural research is compiled and the findings disseminated, the need for comprehensive texts like the Encyclopedia of Multicultural Psychology become stronger.

Encyclopedia of Social Theory
To the best of our knowledge, this is the first Encyclopedia of Social Theory. The purpose of an encyclopedia is to summarize and codify knowledge in a given field. This is in contrast to a handbook, which offers essays on cutting-edge research in a field, or a dictionary, which provides short, to-the-point definitions of key concepts in a field (Sica 2001). Certainly, an encyclopedia also does some of the things that one finds in handbooks and dictionaries. Thus, the Encyclopedia of Social Theory offers handbook-like (albeit briefer) entries on cutting-edge topics, such as globalization, consumption, complexity theory, and actor network theory, and it provides state-of-the-art interpretations of long-established theories. Also, like a dictionary, the entries in this encyclopedia provide basic introductions to key ideas, concepts, schools, and figures in social theory. However, the entries tend to be far longer and offer much more depth than those found in dictionaries

Encyclopedia of Social Welfare History in North America
In the Encyclopedia of Social Welfare History in North America, we endeavored to bring together basic information on the history of social welfare in the three major countries that constitute North America—Canada, Mexico, and the United States of America. Our intention was to provide readers with information about how these three nations have dealt with social welfare issues, some similar across borders, others unique, as well as to describe important events, developments, and the lives and work of some key contributors to social welfare developments. Experts on the history of social welfare in Canada, Mexico, and the United States contributed entries to the volume. We have defined social welfare broadly, to include education, informal mutual assistance, the development of the social work profession, and voluntary charitable activities as well as state-supported public welfare activities. (The encyclopedia does not, however, attempt to cover the history of social work practice or the development of specialized education for social work or the other human services.)

Encyclopedia of World Poverty
THE THREE VOLUMES of the Encyclopedia of World Poverty contain some 800 original, previously unpublished articles written by over 100 independent or affiliated scholars. This encyclopedia is intended for use as an authoritative and rigorous source on poverty and related issues. It provides extensive and current information and insight into the contemporary debate on poverty. It can also be used as a reference to other sources through its cross-references and bibliographies. It is a timely project; 2005 was marked by a declaration of concern with poverty by world leaders at the G-8 summit and at the World Economic Forum.

Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America
Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America contains 152 original essays (about 8,000-12,000 words each) on specific minority and ethnic groups in the U.S., with an emphasis on culture (religions, holidays, customs, language) in addition to information on historical background and settlement patterns. The Encyclopedia also covers ethnoreligious groups such as Jews, Chaldeans and Amish.

Handbook of Death and Dying
In the two volumes of this handbook, the contributors address approximately 100 pivotal topics, each of which subsumes and incorporates several more basic concepts and behaviors. The essays generated to discuss these topics direct special attention to the constituent concepts and social patterns within the exploration of the larger topical concern. Each chapter is of journal-article length and addresses its general topic with appropriate detail and elaboration.

Nolo’s Pocket Guide to Family Law
Title: Nolo’s pocket guide to family law [computer file] / by Robin Leonard & Stephen Elias. Edition: 4th ed. Publisher: Berkeley : Nolo Press, c1996.

Social Science Research Methods
The cardinal aim of this encyclopedia is to provide our readers—be they students, academics, or applied researchers—with an introduction to a vast array of research methods by giving an account of their purposes, principles, developments, and applications. The approximately 1,000 entries, many of which are extensive treatments of the topics and contain recent developments, can be of great use to the novice or the experienced researcher alike.

Welfare Reform: a Reference Handbook
Welfare reform [electronic resource] : a reference handbook / Mary Ellen Hombs. Public welfare United States Handbooks, manuals, etc. ABC-CLIO, c1996. HV95 .H554 1996eb