Eastern Michigan University
Eastern Michigan University
Eastern Michigan University
Sunday November 23, 2014

Library Hours: 12:00pm - 12:00am

Eastern Michigan University Library

Distinguishing Between Types of Publications

  Scholarly Journals Professional/Trade Publications Popular/General Interest Magazines Scholarly Reference Books (academic encyclopedias, handbooks, etc.)
covers of scholarly journals cover of a trade publication covers of popular magazines image of an encyclopedia
Purpose Report original research or theories to contribute to scholary debate. Provide practical information for members of a profession, industry, or organization: news, trends, products, research summaries. Provide information, news, opinions, entertainment to the general public. Overviews of topics and sub-topics, factual information, neutral perspectives on scholarly debates or theories.
Writing Style Uses specialized vocabulary or jargon. Requires prior training or subject expertise to understand. Uses specialized vocabulary or jargon. Requires prior training or subject expertise to understand. Uses vocabulary understood by the general public, including those with an upper elementary education. Specialized vocabulary, but with definitions or explanations provided.
References / Bibliography Documentation of sources, quotes, facts, and ideas is required. Must be cited in footnotes or a bibliography. Documentation of sources not required, though there are sometimes brief bibliographies of further readings. Documentation of sources is not required and is rare. Most offer references or recommended reading after each entry or article, or compiled at the end.
Advertisements Few, if any, advertisements. Moderate number of advertisements targeted to the interests of the members of a profession, industry, or organization. Large number of advertisements for a wide variety of products that appeal to the diverse needs of the general population. None.
Authors Scholars or researchers. Academic credentials, degrees, and/or affiliation are almost always provided. Journalists or members of the profession, industry, or organization. Journalists. Scholars or experts. Academic credentials, degrees, and/or affiliation are sometimes provided.