THE LONDON STAGE 1800-1900

Joseph Donohue and James Ellis, General Editors

--------------------------

ROYAL ADELPHI THEATRE

(formerly THE SANS PAREIL THEATRE)

1806-1900

Seasonal Summary for 1883-1884

Edited by Peggy Russo

A Publication of

The Adelphi Calendar Project

Alfred L. Nelson and Gilbert B. Cross, General Editors

Theodore J. Seward, Jr., Systems Analyst

1992

Contents

Theatre Information

Royal Adelphi Theatre. Doors open 7:00, curtain 7:15.

Ticket prices: orchestra stalls 10/-, balcony stalls 6/-, upper circle 3/-, pit 2/-, gallery 1/-.

Seasonal Dates

25 July 1883 - 4 October 1884

374 performances: 3 matinee, 371 evening

Benefit (1): "An old professional friend" (14 Dec 1883)
Dark (5): Preparation for In the Ranks (5 Oct 1883)
Christmas Day (25 Dec 1883)
Ash Wednesday (27 Feb 1884)
Funeral of Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany (5 Apr 1884)
Good Friday (11 Apr 1884)
Non-Resident Theatre Companies (2): Gaiety Theatre Company (14 Dec 1883)
Vaudeville Theatre Company (perm Thomas Thorne) (14 Dec 1883)

The Season

At the beginning of the 1883 season, the Adelphi turned once more to a work by Dion Boucicault and opened on 25 July with a revival of his Streets of London, first produced as Streets of New York in that city in 1864. Directed by Charles Harris, the production featured "new scenery" by Bruce Smith (Times, advertisement, 25 July 1883). Charles Warner appeared as Badger and was praised by the Athenaeum for his "mixture of melodramatic energy and animal spirits which is the distinguishing feature in his acting." Also praised were Mrs. H. Leigh and Miss Clara Jecks (Athenaeum, 28 July 1883, p. 122). Despite its vintage, The Boucicault revival rated a matinee performance for the bank holiday on 6 August, and drew a royal visit from the Princess of Wales, Prince Albert Victor, the Princess of Saxe-Meiningen, and Prince Louis of Battenberg on 13 August (Times, 14 August 1883, p. 7f). Although the Gattis originally announced that Streets of London would be "performed for a limited period," the production continued to draw a good house for over two months, ending on 4 October. A popular farce called Turn Him Out preceded Streets of London on the bill.

Following the close of Streets of London, the Adelphi was dark on Friday, 5 October, in preparation for an original melodrama which was to become one of the theatre's hits of the eighties. Although the Adelphi had previously produced work by Henry Pettitt (Taken From Life,1881, Love and Money [with Charles Reade], 1882, and Pluck [with Augustus Harris], 1882), In The Ranks was the first Adelphi production written by the collaborative team of Pettitt and George R. Sims. Works by Pettitt and Sims (both alone and in collaboration) became standard fare at the Adelphi for the rest of the decade. In the Ranks opened on 6 October, under the direction of Charles Harris, with music by Henry Sprake. Turn Him Out was retained on the bill as the opening piece. The Athenaeum classed In the Ranks "as a good Adelphi melodrama with no claim to be anything more" (13 October 1883, p. 474). The Times agreed, and added:

None of the characters of the story belong to the category of living men and women. They are all puppets of the stage, whose life-blood has long since been dried up within them by the footlights (8 October 1883, p. 7b).

Playing one of the puppets, however, Charles Warner had "plenty of scope for the display of heroism of that robust and acrobatic order dear to the Adelphi public" (Times). Isabel Bateman, who had been absent from the stage for some time, played Ruth Herrick, the heroine who is subjected to a "drugging scene" which the Times claimed fell "flat, in part it may be from Miss Bateman's want of practical experience of the effects of morphia." The Theatre was more enthusiastic: "The acting of the play has been entrusted to well-known and competent artists, and is altogether exceptionally good." J. D. Beveridge, playing the villain, was especially commended: "he is howled at and hooted at every opportunity . . . if some of the excited spectators could lay hands upon him they would quickly make way for his understudy" (1 November 1883, p. 258).

Even though the characters and acting of In the Ranks did not gain a consensus of approval among critics, it was immensely successful with Adelphi audiences who enjoyed a plot that included the arrest of the hero on his wedding day for a crime he has not committed, followed by separation of the happy couple, prison and military scenes, pursuit by the villain, and an ending with virtue triumphant over vice (a formula that was to be repeated in future productions). Moreover, its scenic effects, designed by Walter Mann, Thomas W. Hall, and Bruce Smith, delighted both critics and audiences. These were not spectacular effects; rather, they were innovations in scene changes:

Not only are elaborate scenes whisked up . . . to disappear in the flies, but whole "sets" are moved on and off the stage, turned outside in, or otherwise made to undergo a complete change of aspect under the eye of the house. A striking application of this . . . occurs when . . . the "set" [is] suddenly pulled round and made to exhibit the exterior instead of the interior of the guard-room (Times, 8 October, 1883).

The Athenaeum was equally enthusiastic: "Nothing equally elaborate and ingenious in the way of stage mechanism has been seen on the Adelphi stage" (13 October 1883). Thus, despite the familiarity of plot, character, and theme, the novelty of the new set-change technique and the heroic acting of Charles Warner kept audiences in attendance until 28 March 1885. Royal visitors during the run of In the Ranks included the Prince and Princess of Wales (Times, 8 February 1884, p. 9d) and the Duchess of Edinburgh (Times, 12 February 1884, p. 5d).

In the ranks of the cast of In the Ranks was a bit-part actor named Archer (playing O'Flanigan). This Archer was later to become the notorious Richard Prince, murderer of actor William Terriss. Playwright George R. Sims (quoted in William Terriss and Richard Prince by George Rowell) remembers Archer:

Prince or Archer--that was the name we knew him by at the Adelphi--was known to many members of the profession as "Mad Archer" . . . While in a small part in In the Ranks, he complained to me twice that another actor was trying to "queer him" (p. 60).

We have no clue to the identity of the other actor. Perhaps he was Warner, an actor out of the same man's-man mold as Terriss.

Two special matinee performances were presented at the Adelphi during the 1883 season's run of In the Ranks: Money, 14 December 1883, and Little Cricket, 27 March 1884. According to a Times advertisement, the performance of Lord Lytton's Money was to be a "compliment" produced by a management committee of over forty theatre notables in order to "serve an old professional friend who has ever been ready to serve members of the dramatic profession" (the professional friend is not identified but may have been Edward H. Brooke, who had earlier received a benefit at the Adelphi and who was to die the following November). For this purpose, the Gattis donated the use of the Adelphi, and Thomas Thorne permitted his Vaudeville Theatre Company to appear. In addition, several members of the committee appeared in the "well known club scene" (Times, 12 December 1883). Also on the bill was Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina, a burlesque of Auber's opera (first scene only), written by Henry J. Byron and with musical arrangements by Herr Mayer Lutz (program).

The production of Little Cricket was advertised in the Times as "Miss Lydia Cowell's Matinee" (Times, 27 March 1884). The purpose of the matinee, according to the Times, was "to remind playgoers of [the play's] existence." Little Cricket was adapted by James Mortimer from George Sands's La Petite Fadette and had been first produced several years earlier at the "obscure" Duke's Theatre where, after a brief run, it was "lost to the stage." The Times found the play "slight in texture" but also found its loss "regrettable." Lydia Cowell's re-appearance in the lead role earned praise, especially her dancing which featured "a commendable regard for local colour." The "rustic setting" was unfortunately supplied by "scenery which nightly does duty in In the Ranks" (29 March 1884, p. 6b).

Besides being dark on 5 October (preparation of In the Ranks), 25 December (Christmas), 27 February (Ash Wednesday), and 11 April (Good Friday), the Adelphi also closed unexpectedly on Saturday, 5 April "in consequence of the funeral of his late Royal Highness the Duke of Albany" (Times, 5 April 1884). Except for these interruptions, In the Ranks continued daily with no regard to seasonal breaks. For this reason, we end the season arbitrarily on 4 October 1884.

PR

Theatre Management And Functionaries

Authors

Boucicault, Dion L. Streets of London, The (25 Jul 1883)
Bulwer-Lytton, Edward G. Money (14 Dec 1883)
Byron, Henry J. Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)
Mortimer, James Little Cricket (27 Mar 1884)
Pettitt, Henry In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883)
Sims, George R. In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883)
Williams?, Thomas J. Turn Him Out (25 Jul 1883)

Musical Composers And Arrangers

Lutz, Herr Mayer (arr) Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Actors

Anson, E. A.

Mr. Leachmere (150) in In The Ranks (14 Apr 1884 - 4 Oct 1884)

Archer

O'Flanigan (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884)

Archer, Frank

Captain Dudley Smooth (1) in Money (14 Dec 1883)

Austin

servant to Sir John (1) in Money (14 Dec 1883)

Beauchamp, John

the hop picker (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884); Crawley (64) in Streets of London (25 Jul 1883 - 5 Oct 1883)

Bentley, M.

Mr. Timmins (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884)

Bernard, W. R.

warder (150) in In The Ranks (14 Apr 1884 - 4 Oct 1884); Count (64) in Streets of London (25 Jul 1883 - 5 Oct 1883)

Beveridge, James D.

Gideon Blake (189) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884)

Bridport

working man (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884)

Byrnes, M. D.

the Tiger (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884); Craft (64) in Streets of London (25 Jul 1883 - 5 Oct 1883)

Cooper, Harwood

Curtis (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884); Colin (1) in Little Cricket (27 Mar 1884); Edwards (64) in Streets of London (25 Jul 1883 - 5 Oct 1883); Nicodemus Nobbs (309) in Turn Him Out (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884)

Cowlrick

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Crook

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Crutwell

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

East, Charles A.

warder (159) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 12 Apr 1884); policeman (64) in Streets of London (25 Jul 1883 - 5 Oct 1883)

Elton, William

Giacomo (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Farren Jr., William

Sir John Vesey (1) in Money (14 Dec 1883)

Ferguson, T.

recruiting sergeant (60) in In The Ranks (31 Jan 1884 - 12 Apr 1884)

Fitzdavis, E. R.

Sergeant Searle (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884)

Francis, C.

recruiting sergeant (99) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 30 Jan 1884)

Fulljames, T.

recruiting sergeant (150) in In The Ranks (14 Apr 1884 - 4 Oct 1884); Macintosh Moke (150) in Turn Him Out (14 Apr 1884 - 4 Oct 1884)

Garden, Edmund W.

Joe Buzzard (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884)

Gardiner

village constable (279) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 30 Aug 1884)

Grosvenor

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Herbert, William

Captain Holcroft (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884); Landry (1) in Little Cricket (27 Mar 1884); Mark Livingstone (28) in Streets of London (4 Sep 1883 - 5 Oct 1883)

Howe

Lord Glossmore (1) in Money (14 Dec 1883)

Howell-Poole, William

Paul (35) in Streets of London (27 Aug 1883 - 5 Oct 1883)

Irish, Frederick W.

Jeannot (1) in Little Cricket (27 Mar 1884)

Kenney, Charles H.

Mark Livingstone (4) in Streets of London (30 Aug 1883 - 3 Sep 1883)

Lestocq, William

old member (1) in Money (14 Dec 1883)

Macklin, Francis H.

Gideon Blake (120) in In The Ranks (14 Apr 1884 - 30 Aug 1884)

Maclean, John

Mr. Sharp (1) in Money (14 Dec 1883)

Marshall

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Mellish, Fuller

Beaucadet (1) in Little Cricket (27 Mar 1884)

Moreland, Frank

Mr. Leachmere (159) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 12 Apr 1884); Puffy (3) in Streets of London (3 Oct 1883 - 5 Oct 1883); Macintosh Moke (159) in Turn Him Out (6 Oct 1883 - 12 Apr 1884)

Neville, Henry G.

Alfred Evelyn (1) in Money (14 Dec 1883)

Norman, E. B.

Sir Frederick Blount (1) in Money (14 Dec 1883)

Proctor, Harry

Puffy (61) in Streets of London (25 Jul 1883 - 2 Oct 1883); Nicodemus Nobbs (63) in Turn Him Out (25 Jul 1883 - 5 Oct 1883)

Quinton, Mark J.

Paul (29) in Streets of London (25 Jul 1883 - 25 Aug 1883)

Righton, Edward

Mr. Stout (1) in Money (14 Dec 1883)

Rosier, Jack A.

Mark Livingstone (32) in Streets of London (25 Jul 1883 - 29 Aug 1883)

Ryder, John

Colonel Wynter (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884)

Salisbury

Matteo (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883); peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Sansum

porter (64) in Streets of London (25 Jul 1883 - 5 Oct 1883)

Shore, James G.

Farmer Herrick (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884); Captain Fairweather (64) in Streets of London (25 Jul 1883 - 5 Oct 1883); Macintosh Moke (63) in Turn Him Out (25 Jul 1883 - 5 Oct 1883)

Squire, Tom S.

Sir Simpleton Simon (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Stephens, William H.

Farmer Barbeau (1) in Little Cricket (27 Mar 1884)

Terry, Edward O.

Beppo (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Thorne, Thomas

Mr. Graves (1) in Money (14 Dec 1883)

Travers, Ernest

O'Leary (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884); James (64) in Streets of London (25 Jul 1883 - 5 Oct 1883); Eglantine Roseleaf (372) in Turn Him Out (25 Jul 1883 - 4 Oct 1884)

Vacotti

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Warner, Charles

Ned Drayton (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884); Badger (64) in Streets of London (25 Jul 1883 - 5 Oct 1883)

Warren

village constable (30) in In The Ranks (1 Sep 1884 - 4 Oct 1884)

Wilson

servant to Alfred Evelyn (1) in Money (14 Dec 1883)

Actresses

Ashton, Mrs. K.

Mrs. Pankley (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884)

Askey, Miss

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Baldwin, Miss

Polly Timmins (190) in In The Ranks (23 Feb 1884 - 4 Oct 1884)

Bateman, Miss Isabel

Ruth Herrick (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884)

Broughton, Miss Phyllis

Lorenzo (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Carter, Mrs. John

Mrs. O'Flanigan (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884)

Chester, Miss Elsie

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Coveney, Miss Harriet

Mrs. Timmins (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884); Susan (309) in Turn Him Out (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884)

Cowell, Miss Lydia

Fanchon (1) in Little Cricket (27 Mar 1884)

Dyos, Miss

Mrs. Grindle (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884)

Farren, Miss Ellen

Young Fra Diavolo (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Forest, Miss

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Gilchrist, Miss Connie

Zerlina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Goldney, Miss G.

Georgina Vesey (1) in Money (14 Dec 1883)

Gordon, Miss

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Handley, Miss

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Heffer, Miss

Julia (181) in Turn Him Out (25 Jul 1883 - 21 Feb 1884)

Heffer, Miss E.

Mrs. Whiffin (118) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 21 Feb 1884)

Hewett, Miss Emily

Mrs. Whiffin (30) in In The Ranks (1 Sep 1884 - 4 Oct 1884); Manon (1) in Little Cricket (27 Mar 1884)

Hobson, Miss

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Huntley, Mrs.

Mother Fadette (1) in Little Cricket (27 Mar 1884)

Jecks, Miss Clara

Dan (64) in Streets of London (25 Jul 1883 - 5 Oct 1883); Susan (63) in Turn Him Out (25 Jul 1883 - 5 Oct 1883)

Keith, Miss

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Leeson, Miss

Julia (30) in Turn Him Out (1 Sep 1884 - 4 Oct 1884)

Leigh, Mrs. Henry

Mrs. Buzzard (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884); Mrs. Puffy (64) in Streets of London (25 Jul 1883 - 5 Oct 1883)

Linden, Miss Laura

Madelon (1) in Little Cricket (27 Mar 1884)

Morgan, Miss N.

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Murray, Miss Ada

Alida (46) in Streets of London (25 Jul 1883 - 14 Sep 1883)

Murray, Miss Alma

Clara Douglas (1) in Money (14 Dec 1883)

Napier, Miss

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Oliver, Miss

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Phillips, Miss Kate

Lady Franklin (1) in Money (14 Dec 1883)

Ralli, Miss

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Raynor, Miss A.

Lucy (23) in Streets of London (25 Jul 1883 - 18 Aug 1883)

Robe, Miss Annie

Barbara Herrick (195) in In The Ranks (18 Feb 1884 - 4 Oct 1884)

Rogers, Miss Jenny

Dinah (309) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884)

Roma, Miss

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Rorke, Miss Mary

Barbara Herrick (114) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 16 Feb 1884); Lucy (41) in Streets of London (20 Aug 1883 - 5 Oct 1883)

Ross, Miss

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Sannon, Miss

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

St. Clair, Miss Ivy?

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Stanley, Miss Alma

Alida (18) in Streets of London (15 Sep 1883 - 5 Oct 1883)

Stride, Miss

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Talbot, Miss

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (2) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Talbot, Miss M.

peasants, peasantesses, carbineers, populace of Terracina (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Taylor, Miss Maude

Lady Simpleton Simon (1) in Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina (14 Dec 1883)

Tempest, Miss G.

Mrs. Whiffin (161) in In The Ranks (22 Feb 1884 - 30 Aug 1884); Julia (161) in Turn Him Out (22 Feb 1884 - 30 Aug 1884)

Watson, Miss Maggie

Polly Timmins (119) in In The Ranks (6 Oct 1883 - 22 Feb 1884)

Singers

Dancers

Pieces Performed And Summary Cast Lists

* In The Ranks

(drama, 5 acts) by George R. Sims, Henry Pettitt (309 times, 6 Oct 1883 - 4 Oct 1884)

Summary Cast:

Little Cricket

(comedy, 3 acts) by James Mortimer (1 time, 27 Mar 1884)

Summary Cast:

Money

(comedy) by Edward G. Bulwer-Lytton (1 time, 14 Dec 1883)

Summary Cast:

Streets of London, The

(drama, prol, 4 acts) by Dion L. Boucicault (64 times, 25 Jul 1883 - 5 Oct 1883)

Summary Cast:

Turn Him Out

(farce) by Thomas J. Williams? (372 times, 25 Jul 1883 - 4 Oct 1884)

Summary Cast:

Young Fra Diavolo, the Terror of Terracina

(burlesque) by Henry J. Byron, Herr Mayer Lutz (arr) (1 time, 14 Dec 1883)

Summary Cast:

Genre

Songs, Composers, And Singers

Dances, Choreographers, And Dancers


Adelphi Theatre

End Of 1883-1884 Season

(Generated 01-Oct-1998)


© Copyright 1992 by Alfred L. Nelson and Gilbert B. Cross

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