THE LONDON STAGE 1800-1900

Joseph Donohue and James Ellis, General Editors

--------------------------

ROYAL ADELPHI THEATRE

(formerly THE SANS PAREIL THEATRE)

1806-1900

Seasonal Summary for 1889-1890

Edited by Peggy Russo

A Publication of

The Adelphi Calendar Project

Alfred L. Nelson and Gilbert B. Cross, General Editors

Theodore J. Seward, Jr., Systems Analyst

1992

Contents

Theatre Information

Royal Adelphi Theatre. Doors open 7:00, curtain 7:15.

Ticket prices: private boxes 2 to 3 guineas, orchestra stalls 10/-, balcony stalls 6/-, upper circle 3/-, pit 2/-, gallery 1/-.

Seasonal Dates

14 September 1889 - 12 July 1890

263 performances: 7 matinee, 256 evening

Annual matinee (1): By S. Hayes and Company (13 Mar 1890)
Dark (3): Christmas Day (25 Dec 1889)
Good Friday (4 Apr 1890)
Preparations for new piece (18 Apr 1890)

The Season

The 1889 season opened on 14 September, following a week for preparation of a new play by George B. Sims and Henry Pettit during which the theatre was dark. This season saw the Adelphi bereft of one of its main attractions. William Terriss, accompanied by Jessie Millward, had embarked on a tour of the United States, and although he would return to London within a year, he was not to return to the Adelphi for five years. With Terriss gone, playwrights Sims and Pettit were not obligated to create a hero tailor-made to Terriss's measurements. Thus, in London Day by Day, the Adelphi audience were treated to changes in scene and character focus: the scene was London; the heroine regained the spotlight. After claiming that the Adelphi had for "twenty years maintained pretty close relations with the realism of the London streets," the Times noted "the public [had] come back to this class of fare with a relish all the keener from their recent studies of soldiering and sailoring, and of mining, emigrant, and Irish life" (16 September 1889, p. 6c).

The title was taken from the name of a popular newspaper column, and the authors included familiar London scenes from all walks of life, thus insuring audience interest among all classes. Realistic scene paintings by Bruce Smith and Williams Perkins were highly praised, including those of a money-lender's office, Hampton Court, Leicester Square, and St. Katherine's Wharf (Theatre, 1 October 1889, p. 208). Most delightful, according to the Times, were Sims's "broad humanitarian sympathies and Dickens-like humour" which showed the "bright side of slum life."

The two new leading ladies were Mary Rorke (the main heroine) and Alma Murray. George Alexander was the new leading man, recruited from the Lyceum. All three were praised by the critics. The Athenaeum was particularly taken by changes both in characterization and acting: "The hero no longer struts and swaggers, the heroine moderates the transports of her grief, the villain is bland and affable, and the traditions generally of the Adelphi are violated" (21 September 1889, p. 394).

Besides improving the artistry of characterization, the Adelphi was lauded by the Times for taking advantage of electricity to initiate a new technique for changing scenes "while the stage is plunged in absolute darkness."

London Day by Day enjoyed a healthy run from 14 September 1889 through 17 April 1890. On the second night (15 September), a farce was added to the bill--The Secret (possibly by W. T. Moncrieff). On 19 October, The Secret was replaced by T. Malcolm Watson's Polly's Venture, which was itself replaced on 25 January by P. P. O'Callaghan's The Married Bachelor. Married Bachelor remained on the bill through the end of the Day by Day run and was retained as the opening farce for Green Bushes, the final production of the season.

During the run of London Day by Day, there were two special performances. On 13 March, the Gattis donated the theatre to Samuel Hayes and Company for their Annual Matinee. The main piece was J. S. Knowles's The Hunchback, starring Mrs. Pat Campbell as Helen in what the program calls "her first appearance." Also performed were Delicate Ground by Charles Dance and some "miscellaneous entertainment," including "The Charge of the Light Brigade," recited by Amy Roselle; "The Song that reached my Heart," sung by Fannie Leslie; and Buchanan Reed's "Sheridan's Ride," recited by Edmund Leathes. Piano accompaniment was provided by Signor Odoardo Berri.

On 25 March 1890, there was a special performance of Jess, a new drama by Eweretta Lawrence and J. J. Bisgood adapted from H. Rider Haggard's novel. The Adelphi's J. D. Beveridge directed and starred as Silas Croft, an English farmer living in South Africa. Eweretta Lawrence played Jess. Both the Times and Athenaeum gave it lukewarm reviews. Although the background was of topical interest--the Boer troubles in the Transvaal--the plot followed the usual melodramatic formula. The Times noted that "after making a solitary bid for applause in the stirring scene where Frank Muller tries to drown John Niel and Jess in the Vaal river, the adapters allowed the story to die of inanition" (26 March 1890, p. 8d).

The Athenaeum complained of interminable speeches that Eweretta Lawrence as adaptor had provided for Eweretta Lawrence as actress, but praise was given for a scene in which Lawrence entered carrying a "knife red with [the villain's] heart's blood" (29 March 1890, p. 414). The Times praised the "more than . . . matinee measure of justice" given the production, "except for the fact that the banks of the Vaal river bore a suspicious resemblance to the rockbound Irish lake in which the Colleen Bawn is accustomed to seek a watery grave" (26 March 1890).

After the final performance of London Day by Day on 17 April, the theatre was dark for one day, and re-opened on 19 April with a revival of the Adelphi trademark The Green Bushes by J. B. Buckstone, first produced at the Adelphi 45 years earlier and most recently revived by the Gattis during their first year as proprietors (1880). The Times testified to the warm response of the audience and based on that response, theorized that public taste in melodrama was swinging back toward the romantic (21 April 1890, p. 6c). While approving of the "drama of yesterday," The Athenaeum noted that the "acting of yesterday" also had "more breadth and colour than that of today." "For the first time," said the Athenaeum:

the melodrama has been given by actors who, not having seen its original cast, retain only such traditions concerning the manner in which it is to be rendered as ordinarily linger in the case of a successful play (26 April 1890, p. 541).

Although Clara Jecks was praised for her rendition of Tigertail, Mary Rorke's Miami could not compare with Mme. Celeste's:

Mme. Celeste . . . was an admirable pantomimist, who by simple gesture could fill the stage. Her figure as she stood on the bridge in front of the house and contemplated her guilty husband in the arms of another woman will not be banished from the memory (Athenaeum).

It was suggested that had the Gattis cast Olga Nethersole as Miami, the choice would have been more "felicitous." Even so, Green Bushes ran until the end of the season.

During the run, there was a special matinee on 21 May. The Bride of Love was a new poetic drama based on the myth of Eros and Psyche, written by Robert Buchanan with music by A. C. Mackenzie and Walter Slaughter. Enthusiastically received by the audience, the play received mixed reviews from critics. The Times noted "many pleasing features" but also noted that the actors mispronounced Greek words (22 May 1890, p. 8b). The Athenaeum complained at length about the atmosphere:

A Venus who has grown old and is expressly declared to be a bit of a shrew, and a Cupid who goes to bed early at night, having apparently to be up early in order to go to a board school, need the accompaniments of Offenbach rather than of Mr. Slaughter or Dr. Mackenzie (24 May 1890, p. 683).

Buchanan was advised to "dip again into Keats" before meddling with such a theme again, with the added suggestion that he should "henceforward leave it alone" (Athenaeum). Both the Times and the Athenaeum, however, had nothing but praise for Letty Lind who danced the cymbal dance of Euphrosynea--obviously a highlight of the production.

Curiously, for the last two performances of Green Bushes, the Gattis discarded Married Bachelor as the opening farce. Thomas J. Williams's The Little Sentinel took its place with Clara Jecks playing the leading role. The final performance of Green Bushes on 12 July 1890 ended the season and the first decade of the Gattis' proprietorship. It seems both ironic and appropriate that the old Adelphi melodrama Green Bushes, produced both in 1880 and 1890, served as a frame for the decade. Despite the many innovations initiated by the Gatti brothers, the Adelphi remained what it had been--the home of melodrama.

PR

Theatre Management And Functionaries

Authors

Bisgood, J. J. Jess (25 Mar 1890)
Buchanan, Robert Bride of Love, The (21 May 1890)
Buckstone, John B. Green Bushes, The (19 Apr 1890)
Dance, Charles Delicate Ground (13 Mar 1890)
Knowles, James S. Hunchback, The (13 Mar 1890)
Lawrance, Miss Eweretta Jess (25 Mar 1890)
O'Callaghan, P. P. Married Bachelor, The (25 Jan 1890)
Pettitt, Henry London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889)
Sims, George R. London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889)
Unknown Secret, The (16 Sep 1889)
Watson, T. Malcolm Polly's Venture (19 Oct 1889)
Williams, Thomas J. Little Sentinel, The (11 Jul 1890)

Musical Composers And Arrangers

Mackenzie, Alexander C. Bride of Love, The (21 May 1890)
Slaughter, Walter Bride of Love, The (21 May 1890)
Sprake, Henry London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889)

Actors

Abingdon, William L.

George O'Kennedy (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890); Peter Marks (186) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 17 Apr 1890)

Alexander, George

Frank Granville (157) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 14 Mar 1890)

Arncliffe, H.

Glaucus (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890)

Bantock, Ernest

Edwards (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890); Dasher (81) in London Day By Day (14 Jan 1890 - 17 Apr 1890); Sharpe (140) in Married Bachelor (25 Jan 1890 - 10 Jul 1890)

Bayne, Ronald

Frank Merton (83) in Polly's Venture (19 Oct 1889 - 24 Jan 1890)

Bayntun, Harry

King of Thule (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890)

Bellew, H. Kyrle?

Falhorn (1) in Hunchback (13 Mar 1890)

Bernard, Cecil

John (140) in Married Bachelor (25 Jan 1890 - 10 Jul 1890)

Beveridge, James D.

Wild Murtogh (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890); Silas Croft (1) in Jess (25 Mar 1890); Patrick O'Brien (107) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 15 Jan 1890)

Bode, Milton

Henry Williams (100) in London Day By Day (24 Dec 1889 - 17 Apr 1890); Reuben Gale (10) in Polly's Venture (14 Jan 1890 - 24 Jan 1890)

Brydone, Alfred

Methonos (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890)

Calvert, C.

Hendrik (1) in Jess (25 Mar 1890)

Clifford, R.

Dasher (105) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 13 Jan 1890)

Clulow, J.

Carolus (1) in Jess (25 Mar 1890)

Collins

Rattlesnake (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890)

Cooper, Frank K.

Connor O'Kennedy (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890); Frank Granville (29) in London Day By Day (15 Mar 1890 - 17 Apr 1890)

Cooper, Harwood

The Major (186) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 17 Apr 1890)

Cross, Julian

Master Walter (1) in Hunchback (13 Mar 1890); Hans Coetzee (1) in Jess (25 Mar 1890)

Dacre, Arthur

Citizen Sangfroid (1) in Delicate Ground (13 Mar 1890)

Dalton, Charles

Frank Muller (1) in Jess (25 Mar 1890)

De Fonblanque, R.

Earl Rochdale (1) in Hunchback (13 Mar 1890)

East, James G.

Larry (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890); Captain Clarence Courtington (2) in Little Sentinel (11 Jul 1890 - 12 Jul 1890); Lord Kempton (186) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 17 Apr 1890); Sir Charles Courtall (140) in Married Bachelor (25 Jan 1890 - 10 Jul 1890); Mr. Dupuis (29) in Secret (16 Sep 1889 - 18 Oct 1889)

Forde, H. Athol

Jantze (1) in Jess (25 Mar 1890)

Greet, Ben

Modus (1) in Hunchback (13 Mar 1890)

Hallard, H.

King of Circassia (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890)

Howe, James

police sergeant (186) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 17 Apr 1890)

Jerram

Moute (1) in Jess (25 Mar 1890)

Lablache, Luigi

Sir Thomas Clifford (1) in Hunchback (13 Mar 1890)

Lennox, Edward

Nassrad (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890)

Lyle, Arthur

Patrick O'Brien (79) in London Day By Day (16 Jan 1890 - 17 Apr 1890)

Marius, Mons. Claude

Henri de Belleville (186) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 17 Apr 1890)

McManns

Stephen (1) in Hunchback (13 Mar 1890)

Moore, Marshall

Dennis (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890)

Northcote, John

Darty Donovan (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890); Mr. Wheedleton Coaxer (2) in Little Sentinel (11 Jul 1890 - 12 Jul 1890); Mr. Judson (186) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 17 Apr 1890)

Northcote, W.

Ned Keogh (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890); Sim (2) in Little Sentinel (11 Jul 1890 - 12 Jul 1890); Tim Tibbets (186) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 17 Apr 1890); Truss (140) in Married Bachelor (25 Jan 1890 - 10 Jul 1890); Valare (29) in Secret (16 Sep 1889 - 18 Oct 1889)

Outram, Leonard S.

Atalantos (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890)

Rignold, Lionel

Zephyros (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890); Jack Gong (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890); Harry Ascalon (186) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 17 Apr 1890)

Rodney, A.

Lord Tinsel (1) in Hunchback (13 Mar 1890)

Roe, Bassett

Lycas (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890)

Russell, Howard

Paddy Kelly (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890); James Morgan (186) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 17 Apr 1890); Labroche (140) in Married Bachelor (25 Jan 1890 - 10 Jul 1890); Sir Jabez Merton (83) in Polly's Venture (19 Oct 1889 - 24 Jan 1890)

Shine, John L.

Muster Grinnidge (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890); Tom Galloway (186) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 17 Apr 1890)

Styan, Arthur

Captain Dartois (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890)

Thalberg, T. B.

The God Eros (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890); John Niel (1) in Jess (25 Mar 1890)

Theo-Balfour

General Granville (186) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 17 Apr 1890)

Varna, Heinrich W.

Alphonse de Grandier (1) in Delicate Ground (13 Mar 1890)

Victor

Little Bear (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890)

Wilfred, S.

Henry Williams (86) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 23 Dec 1889); Reuben Gale (73) in Polly's Venture (19 Oct 1889 - 13 Jan 1890); Thomas (29) in Secret (16 Sep 1889 - 18 Oct 1889)

Yorke, Gilbert

Jan (1) in Jess (25 Mar 1890)

Actresses

Barton, Miss Adah

Mrs. Wimblett (81) in London Day By Day (14 Jan 1890 - 17 Apr 1890)

Beaufoy, Miss Constance

Louise (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890)

Bronse, Miss Alice

Mrs. Jones (186) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 17 Apr 1890)

Brunton, Mrs.

Meg (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890)

Campbell, Mrs. Patrick

Helen (1) in Hunchback (13 Mar 1890)

Cavendish, Miss Ada

The Goddess Aphrodite (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890)

Dane, Miss Essex

Letty Hawthorne (2) in Little Sentinel (11 Jul 1890 - 12 Jul 1890)

Elliott, Miss Charlotte

Mrs. Blossom (186) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 17 Apr 1890); Polly Prentice (83) in Polly's Venture (19 Oct 1889 - 24 Jan 1890); Mrs. Dupuis (29) in Secret (16 Sep 1889 - 18 Oct 1889)

Emmerson, Miss Aggie?

Julia (1) in Hunchback (13 Mar 1890)

Ferrar, Miss Ada

Creusa (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890); Geraldine (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890)

Ferrar, Miss Beatrice

Young zephyrs (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890)

Forsyth, Miss Helen

Bessie Croft (1) in Jess (25 Mar 1890)

Fraser, Miss Marie

Erotion (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890)

Graves, Miss Laura

Phemie (186) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 17 Apr 1890)

Hartnoll, Miss Hattie

Mrs. Wimblett (105) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 13 Jan 1890)

Humm, Miss Jenny

Cupidon (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890); Evelleen (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890)

Ivor, Miss Frances

Hyla (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890)

James, Miss Kate

Nelly O'Neil (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890); Jack (186) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 17 Apr 1890)

Jay, Miss Harriett

Psyche (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890)

Jecks, Miss Clara

Eridon (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890); Tigertail (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890); May (2) in Little Sentinel (11 Jul 1890 - 12 Jul 1890); Dolly Blossom (186) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 17 Apr 1890); Grace (140) in Married Bachelor (25 Jan 1890 - 10 Jul 1890)

Lawrence, Miss Eweretta

Jess (1) in Jess (25 Mar 1890)

Lind, Miss Letty

Euphrosyne (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890)

Mildren, Miss Madge

Rosie Coventry (105) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 13 Jan 1890); Lady Courtall (140) in Married Bachelor (25 Jan 1890 - 10 Jul 1890); Angelica (29) in Secret (16 Sep 1889 - 18 Oct 1889)

Murray, Miss Alma

Violet Chester (186) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 17 Apr 1890)

Ray, Miss Madge

Jessie (105) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 13 Jan 1890)

Reeve, Miss Janette

Jessie (81) in London Day By Day (14 Jan 1890 - 17 Apr 1890)

Rorke, Miss Mary

Miami (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890); Madame St. Aubert (74) in Green Bushes (19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890); Maud Willoughby (186) in London Day By Day (14 Sep 1889 - 17 Apr 1890)

Roselle, Miss Amy

Pauline (1) in Delicate Ground (13 Mar 1890)

Somerset, Miss

Phosphoros (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890)

St. Ange, Miss Josephine

Mrs. Neville (1) in Jess (25 Mar 1890)

Stead, Miss

Young zephyrs (1) in Bride of Love (21 May 1890)

Underwood, Miss Alice

Rosie Coventry (81) in London Day By Day (14 Jan 1890 - 17 Apr 1890)

Vyse, Miss Edith

Cris Hazeldene (83) in Polly's Venture (19 Oct 1889 - 24 Jan 1890)

Singers

Entertainers

Pieces Performed And Summary Cast Lists

Bride of Love, The

(poetic drama, 4 acts) by Robert Buchanan, Alexander C. Mackenzie (comp), Walter Slaughter (comp) (1 time, 21 May 1890)

Summary Cast:

Delicate Ground[; or, Paris in 1793]

(comedietta) by Charles Dance (1 time, 13 Mar 1890)

Summary Cast:

Green Bushes, The[; or, A Hundred Years Ago]

(drama, 3 acts) by John B. Buckstone (74 times, 19 Apr 1890 - 12 Jul 1890)

Summary Cast:

Hunchback, The

(drama) by James S. Knowles (1 time, 13 Mar 1890)

Summary Cast:

* Jess

(drama, 4 acts) by Miss Eweretta Lawrance, J. J. Bisgood (1 time, 25 Mar 1890)

Summary Cast:

Little Sentinel, The

(farce, 1 act) by Thomas J. Williams (2 times, 11 Jul 1890 - 12 Jul 1890)

Summary Cast:

London Day By Day

(drama) by George R. Sims, Henry Pettitt, Henry Sprake (comp) (186 times, 14 Sep 1889 - 17 Apr 1890)

Summary Cast:

Married Bachelor, The[; or, Master and Man]

(farce) by P. P. O'Callaghan (140 times, 25 Jan 1890 - 10 Jul 1890)

Summary Cast:

Polly's Venture

(farce, 1 act) by T. Malcolm Watson (83 times, 19 Oct 1889 - 24 Jan 1890)

Summary Cast:

Secret, The

(farce) by Unknown (29 times, 16 Sep 1889 - 18 Oct 1889)

Summary Cast:

Genre

Music, Composers, And Musicians

Songs, Composers, And Singers


Adelphi Theatre

End Of 1889-1890 Season

(Generated 01-Oct-1998)


© Copyright 1992 by Alfred L. Nelson and Gilbert B. Cross

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