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Official Records and Student Privacy: FERPA at a Glance

The Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (a.k.a. FERPA or the Buckley Amendment) affords students certain rights with respect to their education records.

Overview

FERPA is federal legislation enacted in 1974 that controls student records. It grants students the right to access their own educational records as well as limiting, for privacy reasons, the release of those same records to anyone other than the student and/or the student’s designee. FERPA applies to all current and former students of the University.

What rights are granted to students under FERPA

  • Right to Inspect and Review Records
  • Right to Request to Amend Records
  • Right to Limit Disclosure of "Personally Identifiable Information" (Information that would directly identify the student or make the student's identity easily traceable).

What records are NOT education records under FERPA

  • Sole Possession Records
  • Law Enforcement Unit Records
  • Employment Records
  • Medical Records
  • Post-Attendance Records

Information that is FERPA protected

  • Grades
  • Test Scores
  • I.D. Numbers or Social Security Numbers
  • Financial Records
  • Disciplinary Records
  • Class Schedule

Disclosure of information from confidential educational records is limited to the eligible student or to others

  • To whom the eligible student releases the records
  • Who have a “Legitimate Educational Interest”
  • Who are entitled or permitted to know the content of the records by virtue of one or more FERPA “exceptions”

The last two items are strictly defined under FERPA.

Additional information about FERPA is on the Registrar's site at www.emich.edu/registrar/registration_info/ferpa.php.

 

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