Eastern Michigan University

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The 8 Dimensions of Wellness


Wellness is defined as an optimal soundness of body and mind. Wellness is an expanded idea of health and means more than simply 'absence from disease'. Health is active, alive, and vital. It is in the presence of well-being and dignity in the lives of individuals, communities, and cultures.

Wellness is an active state in which an individual enjoys life to the fullest, adapts to life's challenges, feels that life has meaning, and functions in society. True wellness is determined by the decisions we make about how we live our lives with vitality and meaning.

Wellness involves the highest level of health possible in several dimensions: Social, Physical, Intellectual, Financial, Spiritual, Emotional, Environmental, and Occupational. Each month during the academic year, we focus on one dimension to increase awareness of how to increase our level of satisfaction within that dimension.


Social Wellness is the ability to relate well to others, both within and outside the family unit. It encourages us to use good communication skills, strive for meaningful relationships, respect ourselves and others, while establishing and becoming a part of a support system. We focus on Social Wellness in September.


Physical Wellness is the ability to achieve, access and maintain a healthy body via good nutrition, regular exercise, adequate sleep, avoiding harmful habits, making informed decisions about health, and seeking appropriate medical assistance when necessary. We focus on Physical Wellness in October.


Intellectual Wellness is a state which your mind is engaged in lively interaction with the world around you. It involves continued learning, problem solving, and creativity. We focus on Intellectual Wellness in November.


Financial Wellness is the ability to live within our means by learning to manage money, use self discipline in money matters, and manage debt. We focus on Financial Wellness in December.


Spiritual Wellness is a sense that life is meaningful and has a purpose; the ethics, values, and morals that guide us and give meaning and direction to life. We focus on Spiritual Wellness in January.


Emotional Wellness is the ability to understand your own feelings, accept your limitations, achieve emotional stability, and become comfortable with your emotions. We focus on Emotional Wellness in February.


Environmental Wellness is the ability to lead a lifestyle that is respectful to our environment and minimizes any harm done to it. It requires learning about and protecting ourselves against environmental hazards, along with caring for and appreciating nature. We focus on Environmental Wellness in March.


Occupational Wellness is the ability to achieve personal fulfillment from one's chosen career field while maintaining a balance between work and leisure time. It involves creating a supportive work environment that is consistent with one's goals, beliefs, and personal values. We focus on Occupational Wellness in April.

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