6.2.8 Research Misconduct

Printable Version

Effective Date:

9-25-90

Revision Date:

6-22-18

 

University Policy Statement

Eastern Michigan University recognizes that academic institutions have the responsibility to set standards for ethical and honorable behavior in the conduct of research and scholarly pursuits. These standards ensure that the scholarly activity of the University's faculty, research staff, and students will be conducted with integrity and openness. It is the policy of the University to foster an intellectual and academic environment in which exemplary scholarship and ethical practice may flourish.

Misconduct and fraud in academic activity seriously undermine the research enterprise. The University will act to ensure that allegations of misconduct are investigated promptly, thoroughly, and fairly. If the allegations are substantiated, the University will apply appropriate sanctions and correct any public record or report of the work. It is important to distinguish clearly research misconduct from honest error or from ambiguities that might be resolved by further investigation.

Definitions

Research: a systematic experiment, study, evaluation, demonstration, or survey that is designed to develop or contribute to either general or specific/applied knowledge.

Research Misconduct:  Research misconduct is defined as improper conduct in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results. Research misconduct is:

  1. The fabrication of data;
  2. The falsification or misrepresentation of data, including deceptive reporting, or omission of conflicting data with the intent of falsifying results;
  3. Plagiarism or misrepresentation of others' work as one's own;
  4. Failure to assign authorship appropriately on any manuscript, report, project, publication, or electronic communication;
  5. Deliberate violation of a university policy or standard procedure in research, including but not limited to the policies on the use of human subjects and the use and care of animals;
  6. Abuse of confidentiality in peer, editorial, or regulatory review; or use or disclosure of privileged information, such as misappropriating ideas from others' grant proposals, award application, or manuscripts; or inappropriately using other privileged communications;
  7. Retaliation against an investigator conducting research, against an individual who reports an allegation of research misconduct, or against an individual who is involved, either in the investigative process or as a witness, in the institutional response to an allegation of research misconduct; and
  8. Sabotage of research, research data, or dissemination of research results.

In order to be considered Research Misconduct, the behavior must be a significant or substantial deviation from accepted or standard practice and must be knowing, intentional, or reckless.

Research misconduct does not include honest error or difference in interpretation and judgment of data.

Responsibility for Implementation

The Provost and Executive Vice President for Academic and Student Affairs or their designee will be responsible for the implementation of this policy and its compliance with present and future federal regulations on research misconduct.

The Provost or designee will appoint a committee to advise and assist with the implementation of this policy. The committee shall be representative of collegiate concentrations. The committee will also assist in the preparation of educational literature, the development of administrative procedures, and the conduct of inquiries and investigations when deemed appropriate.

Scope of Policy Coverage

This policy applies to all scholarly and research activity performed by University faculty, staff, and students under the auspices of the University, whether funded or unfunded; all scholarly and research activity conducted on University premises or using University facilities and materials; all work published, presented, or otherwise disseminated in which a University affiliation is stated or implied, as for example, when a University address is listed; or all other scholarly and research activity that is directly related to the fulfillment of one's employment responsibilities at the University, such as professional activities taken into consideration for faculty promotion.

The scope of this policy includes the work of students when they are acting as paid or volunteer workers for the University.  It also includes student theses, dissertations, and capstone projects submitted for dissemination.  It excludes students' work when done as part of a course assignment.

Authority for Creation and Revision


Minutes of the Board of Regents, September 25, 1990; para. .4355M.
Minutes of the Board of Regents, June 20, 2006; para. .6632M.
Minutes of the Board of Regents, June 22, 2018


Last Review Date: June 2018


University Policy Statement

Eastern Michigan University recognizes that academic institutions have the responsibility to set standards for ethical and honorable behavior in the conduct of research and scholarly pursuits. These standards ensure that the scholarly activity of the University's faculty, research staff, and students will be conducted with integrity and openness. It is the policy of the University to foster an intellectual and academic environment in which exemplary scholarship and ethical practice may flourish.

Misconduct and fraud in academic activity seriously undermine the research enterprise. The University will act to ensure that allegations of misconduct are investigated promptly, thoroughly, and fairly. If the allegations are substantiated, the University will apply appropriate sanctions and correct any public record or report of the work. It is important to distinguish clearly research misconduct from honest error or from ambiguities that might be resolved by further investigation.

Definitions

Research: a systematic experiment, study, evaluation, demonstration, or survey that is designed to develop or contribute to either general or specific/applied knowledge.

Research Misconduct:  Research misconduct is defined as improper conduct in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results. Research misconduct is:

  1. The fabrication of data;
  2. The falsification or misrepresentation of data, including deceptive reporting, or omission of conflicting data with the intent of falsifying results;
  3. Plagiarism or misrepresentation of others' work as one's own;
  4. Failure to assign authorship appropriately on any manuscript, report, project, publication, or electronic communication;
  5. Deliberate violation of a university policy or standard procedure in research, including but not limited to the policies on the use of human subjects and the use and care of animals;
  6. Abuse of confidentiality in peer, editorial, or regulatory review; or use or disclosure of privileged information, such as misappropriating ideas from others' grant proposals, award application, or manuscripts; or inappropriately using other privileged communications;
  7. Retaliation against an investigator conducting research, against an individual who reports an allegation of research misconduct, or against an individual who is involved, either in the investigative process or as a witness, in the institutional response to an allegation of research misconduct; and
  8. Sabotage of research, research data, or dissemination of research results.

In order to be considered Research Misconduct, the behavior must be a significant or substantial deviation from accepted or standard practice and must be knowing, intentional, or reckless.

Research misconduct does not include honest error or difference in interpretation and judgment of data.

Responsibility for Implementation

The Provost and Executive Vice President for Academic and Student Affairs or their designee will be responsible for the implementation of this policy and its compliance with present and future federal regulations on research misconduct.

The Provost or designee will appoint a committee to advise and assist with the implementation of this policy. The committee shall be representative of collegiate concentrations. The committee will also assist in the preparation of educational literature, the development of administrative procedures, and the conduct of inquiries and investigations when deemed appropriate.

Scope of Policy Coverage

This policy applies to all scholarly and research activity performed by University faculty, staff, and students under the auspices of the University, whether funded or unfunded; all scholarly and research activity conducted on University premises or using University facilities and materials; all work published, presented, or otherwise disseminated in which a University affiliation is stated or implied, as for example, when a University address is listed; or all other scholarly and research activity that is directly related to the fulfillment of one's employment responsibilities at the University, such as professional activities taken into consideration for faculty promotion.

The scope of this policy includes the work of students when they are acting as paid or volunteer workers for the University.  It also includes student theses, dissertations, and capstone projects submitted for dissemination.  It excludes students' work when done as part of a course assignment.