Benedict D. Ilozor

A photo of Benedict Ilozor

Professor, Program Coordinator, Construction Management

Visual and Built Environments

206 Roosevelt

734.487.1299

[email protected]

Education

  • Ph.D., Design, Architecture and Building, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia, 1999
  • Computer Engineering Certificate, Sydney Institute of Technology, Sydney, Australia, 1997
  • M.Arch., University of Nigeria, 1988 
  • B.Arch., (Hons Cum Laude), University of Nigeria, 1986 
  • Architectural certifications accredited by NAAB/NCARB, Architects Accreditation Council of Australia, and Architects Accreditation Council of Nigeria (967th Licensed Architect 1991)

Professional Summary

Specialty: Life-cycle built facilities design, planning and management focused on how to better design, build and operate manageable and serviceable facilities through their life-cycles from cradle to cradle, recycle or reuse.

Worked as chartered architect and senior project manager through the 80s, 90s, and 2000s, and still continues in collaboration with DIA-Ebenezer international for sustainable architecture and building projects. Involved in the design and delivery of hundreds of built projects – residential, industrial, recreational, institutional, commercial, etc. across continents in Africa, Australia, and North America.

Interests and Expertise

  • Architecture
  • Construction management
  • Renewable energy systems and sustainable built environment
  • Built facilities design, planning and management
  • Work settings impact on indoor environment and performance and efficiency improvements

Currently works on Bendors Power System (BPS) for renewable generation, storage, and supply of electrical energy (Visit the Bendors Power System (BPS) page on the EMU site), and Space Design Efficiency Computing (SpaceDEC) – a computer application that assesses architectural facilities space planning and design for efficiency and effectiveness attainments, and can be consulted while spaces are being designed or used by owners and facility managers to analyze, compare and choose or revise space design options.

BPS is a ground-breaking, gaming-changing system. With BPS, appropriately compressed air is stored and released at a controlled pressure and velocity to drive a specially built combination of fans and alternators to synergistically generate electrical power literally continuously. This concept will constitute about the most renewable energy and power generation system ever known to man that can overcome most shortcomings and prohibitive first and maintenance costs of other systems such as micro-hydro power, solar, wind turbine, geothermal power plants (hot rock geothermal) and other renewable and non-renewable energy systems. With BPS, location and climatic conditions will no longer be a factor in electricity generation or siting of generation points. There will be no more need for batteries or similar maintenance-prone storage systems, no more hefty dams, no more need for topography-challenging penstocks, no more need for polluting energy sources such as coal and oil, no more need for falling water and damming of rivers, no more threatening of aquatic habitat and life, no more need for nuclear sources for power generation, no more compressing of liquefied natural gas, no more waiting for tidal waves to come, no more waiting for fossil fuels or gases to form over millions of years, no more robbing plant resources and/or food sources to produce biomass and ethanol for fuel! Transmission grids and such expensive distribution means will become irrelevant or unnecessary just as what happened to telegraph poles with the advent of modern communication technology. BPS provides customizable simple solutions that will be game-changing and ground-breaking in their simplicity and applicability to a variety of users and uses in developed, developing, and underdeveloped nations. BPS can be sized to various load needs. Development will continue on the application of the BPS technology to all driven, ridden, sailing (boats, ships, submarines, etc.), and flying vehicles, automobiles, equipment and motors, power tools such as nail guns, regular guns, gymnastic equipment, medical equipment, all powered industrial and manufacturing systems, domestic equipment, water pumping, power wheelchairs, lawn mowers, tractors, etc.

Courses Taught

  • Introduction to construction
  • Construction systems
  • Construction graphics/drawings – AutoCAD and BIM Revit architecture
  • Construction documents, regulations, and specifications
  • Electrical, mechanical, equipment systems
  • Leadership in energy and sustainable built environment (LEED for new construction and major renovations)

Selected Publications

Books/Book Chapters

  • Robinson, H., Symonds, B., Gilbertson, B. and Ilozor, B.D. (2015) Design Economics for the Built Environment: Impact of sustainability on project evaluation, ISBN: 978-0-470-65909-0. Wiley-Blackwell, London.
  • Ilozor, B.D. (2014) Space planning and organizational performance. In Design Economics for the Built Environment: Impact of sustainability on project evaluation (2015) by Robinson, H., Symonds, B., Gilbertson, B. and Ilozor, B.D. eds.
  • Colombo, I., Ilozor, B.D. and Robinson, H. (2014) Environmental assessment tools: An overview of the UK's BREEAM and the U.S.' LEED.(In Design Economics for the Built Environment: Impact of sustainability on project evaluation (2015) by Robinson, H., Symonds, B., Gilbertson, B. and Ilozor, B.D. eds.
  • Picken, D.H. and Ilozor, B.D. (2014) The relationship between building height and construction costs. In Design Economics for the Built Environment: Impact of sustainability on project evaluation (2015) by Robinson, H., Symonds, B., Gilbertson, B. and Ilozor, B.D. eds.
  • Ilozor, B.D., (2012) Open-plan Measures for Facility Space Management of Office Buildings, ISBN 978-3-8473-4757-6: Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany.
  • Ilozor, B.D. and Ilozor, D.B. (2012) Papers on Open-Plan Attributes and Facility Space Design and Management, ISBN 978-3-659-00145-1. Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany.

Selected Refereed Publications

  • Kelly, D.J. and Ilozor, B.D. (2013) A pilot causal comparative study of project performance metrics: Examining building information modeling and integrated project delivery. The Built and Human Environment Review, Volume XX, pp. X-X (accepted for publication).
  • Ilozor, B.D., (2012) Open-plan Measures for Facility Space Management of Office Buildings, ISBN 978-3-8473-4757-6: Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany.
  • Ilozor, B.D. and Ilozor, D.B. (2012) Papers on Open-Plan Attributes and Facility Space Design and Management, ISBN 978-3-659-00145-1. Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany.
  • Ilozor, B.D. and Kelly, D.J. (2012) Building Information Modeling and Integrated Project Delivery in the Commercial Construction Industry: A Conceptual Study. Journal of Engineering, Project, and Production Management, 2(1), pp. 23–36.
  • Ilozor, B.D. and Kama, M.H. (2012) Renewable energy sources for generation of electrical power in developing and emerging nations. African Journal of Economic and Sustainable Development (AJESD), 1(1), pp. 6779.
  • Sparkling, A. and Ilozor, B.D. (2011) Cost Justifications for Investing in LEED Projects. McNair Scholars Research Journal, 4, pp. 8798.
  • Ilozor, B.D. and Sparkling, A. (2011) Cost Justifications for Investing in LEED Projects. Rethinking the Future – The Association of Technology, Management, and Applied Engineering conference – Cleveland, Ohio – 912 November, 2011. (Paper abstract accepted for the conference)
  • Ilozor, B.D. and Fados, L. (2010) Roles and responsibilities of site managers in a behavior-based safety management model. Prevention: Means to the End of Construction of Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities – CIB W099 Construction H&S Conference - Washington DC - 24-26 Aug 2011. (Paper abstract accepted for the conference)
  • Okoroh, M.I., Dean A., Ikedi, C.U. and Ilozor, B.D. (2010) User behavior in energy efficiency management. Second International Workshop on Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development in Africa, Abuja, Nigeria, July 2729, 2010. Hosted by National Center for Energy Research and Development, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, in collaboration with Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA) Trisaia Research Centre, with Energy Commission of Nigeria as co-hosts (Abstract submitted for the conference).
  • Ilozor, B.D. (2009) Identifying preferences of apartment dwellers: A case study in Michigan, USA. International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, 2(3), pp. 276292.
  • Ilozor, B.D. (2009) Differential management of waste by construction sectors: A case study in Michigan, USA. Construction Management and Economics, 27(8), pp. 763770.
  • Ilozor, B.D. (2009) Diversity exposé for African Women: A 21st century globalization, survival and sustainability question. 4th Women in Africa and the African Diaspora (WAAD) International Conference on "Education, Gender & Sustainable Development in the Age of Globalization," Abuja, Nigeria, August 38, 2009 (Abstract and Paper accepted for presentation).
  • Ilozor, B.D. (2009) A study of construction waste behavior differences among sectors. 45th Annual Conference of the Associated Schools of Construction held in conjunction with the CIB Workgroup 89, University of Florida, Florida, April 14, 2009 (Abstract accepted).
  • Ilozor, B.D. and Dallal, T. (2009) Recycled material contents in commercial buildings. 45th Annual Conference of the Associated Schools of Construction held in conjunction with the CIB Workgroup 89, University of Florida, Florida, April 14, 2009 (Abstract accepted).
  • Ilozor, B.D. (2008) Architectural & building features disparity and preservation of structural and fabrics integrity. Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, 6(1), pp. 3346.
  • Ilozor, B.D. (2008) Construction waste behavior: A study of the differences among sectors. Research in construction practices – 44rd Annual Conference of the Associated Schools of Construction, Auburn, Alabama, April 25, 2008. (Abstract accepted and paper scheduled for presentation on April 4, 2008).
  • Ilozor, B.D. and Okoroh, M.I. (2008) Affordable dwelling quality and preferences for urban young and poor. CIB W070 International Conference on Achieving Healthy and Creative Facilities, Herriot Watt University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, June 1618, pp. 351359.
  • Ilozor, B.D., Egbu, C. and Abdelhamid, T.S. (2008) Designing and building to minimize construction waste. Lean construction: Making a difference – 16th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction (IGLC-16), Manchester, United Kingdom, July 1618, pp. 743756.
  • Jayarama, V., Abdelhamid, T.S., and Ilozor, B.D. (2008) Assessment of uncertainty management approaches in construction organizations. Lean construction: Making a difference – 16th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction (IGLC-16), Manchester, United Kingdom, July 1618, pp. 221229.
  • Okoroh, M.I., Hu, Y. and Ilozor, B.D. (2008) Airport facilities risk management. CIB W070 International Conference on Achieving Healthy and Creative Facilities, Herriot Watt University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, June 1618, 2008 (Abstract accepted).
  • Ilozor, B.D. (2007) Acceptability of small group discussion among traditional and non-traditional students. Faculty Showcase – Achieving significant learning: Accomplishing the future, held at Eastern Michigan University, hosted by General Education Program eFellows Program, and The Bruce K. Nelson Faculty Development Center
  • Ilozor, B.D. (2007) Architectural features disparity and preservation of structural and fabrics integrity of buildings. Research in construction practices – 43rd Annual Conference of the ASC, Flagstaff, Arizona, April 1114, 2007
  • Gudenau, M.F. and Ilozor, B.D. (2007) Designing and building to minimize construction waste. Associated Schools of Construction (ASC): Lean Construction Summit, East Lansing, Michigan, USA, July 1622, 2007. (Abstract accepted)
  • Egbu, C.O. and Ilozor, B.D. (2007) Construction clients and industry innovations: An understanding of their roles and impact. CIB World Building Congress 2007 – Construction for Development, May 2125, 2007, Cape Town, South Africa
  • Egbu, C.O. and Ilozor, B.D. (2007) Improving the skills and competencies of knowledge management 'specialists' through targeted education and training. CIB World Building Congress 2007 – Construction for Development, May 2125, 2007, Cape Town, South Africa
  • Okoroh, M.I., Ilozor, B.D. and Gombera, P.P. (2007) Application of artificial neural networks to healthcare FM decision. International Journal of Electronic Healthcare. 3(3), pp. 279292.
  • Ilozor, B.D. and Ilozor, D.B. (2006) Open-planning concepts and effective facilities management of commercial office buildings. Engineering, Construction, and Architectural Management journal, 13(4), pp. 396412.
  • Ilozor, B.D. (2006) Balancing jury critique in design reviews. The journal of the Center for Education in the Built Environment, 3(2), pp.52-79.
  • Ilozor, B.D. and Ilozor, D.B. (2006) Open-plan attributes and effective facilities management. Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, 3(1), pp. 112.
  • Okoroh, M.I., Ilozor, B.D. and Gombera, P.P. (2006) Modeling of risk management in healthcare facilities. Facilities journal. (Paper accepted)
  • Ilozor, B.D., Sarki, A.J., and Hodd, R.M. (2006) (co-editors) Entrepreneurship Teaching, Research, and Service Across Academic Disciplines. Journal of Management Development, 25(1), pp. 194.

Selected Presentations

  • Ilozor, B.D. (2007) Acceptability of small group discussion among traditional and non-traditional students. Faculty Showcase – Achieving significant learning: Accomplishing the future, held at Eastern Michigan University, hosted by General Education Program eFellows Program, and The Bruce K. Nelson Faculty Development Center on March 9, 2007.
  • Ilozor, B.D. (2007) Architectural features disparity and preservation of structural and fabrics integrity of buildings. Research in construction practices – 43rd Annual Conference of the ASC, Flagstaff, Arizona, April 1114, 2007.
  • Gudenau, M.F. and Ilozor, B.D. (2007) Designing and building to minimize construction waste. Associated Schools of Construction (ASC): Lean Construction Summit, East Lansing, Michigan, July 1622, 2007.
  • Egbu, C.O. and Ilozor, B.D. (2007) Construction clients and industry innovations: An understanding of their roles and impact. CIB World Building Congress 2007 – Construction for Development, May 2125, 2007, Cape Town, South Africa.
  • Egbu, C.O. and Ilozor, B.D. (2007) Improving the skills and competencies of knowledge management 'specialists' through targeted education and training. CIB World Building Congress 2007 – Construction for Development, May 2125, 2007, Cape Town, South Africa.

Patents / Awards / Grants

  • SpaceDEC: Architectural Facilities Space Planning and Design Efficiency Computing – a $100,000.00 proposal submitted on April 10, 2014 to Buckminster Fuller Institute's Challenge. SpaceDEC (Space Design Efficiency Computing) is a computer application that assesses architectural facilities space planning and design for efficiency and effectiveness attainments. It can be consulted while spaces are being designed, or used by owners and facility managers to analyze, compare and choose or revise space design options.
  • Bendors Air Power System for Renewable Generation, Storage, and Distribution of Electrical Energy (my game-changing invention) _ a $5 million proposal submitted on June 1, 2012 to United States Agency for International Development (USAID) – Development Innovation Ventures (DIV). Partners include Thin Red Line Aerospace Ltd. (developers of performance predictable, high shell load, mass optimized inflatable architecture, including Bigelow Genesis inflatable spacecraft pressure shells, NASA and Boeing lunar habitation architecture, planetary entry decelerators, and deep-sea energy storage), Professor Fang Zheng Peng (a renowned inventor with 10 patents), and Professor Jeffrey L. Stein (a holder of patent application on Robust Vehicle Mass Estimation).
  • Radiant Seal System – high performance thermal insulation – a $2 million proposal submitted on April 17, 2012 to the Department of Energy's Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Partners include Donnellon & Associates, Inc., Dr. Mohamed Sohail Ahmed, Professor Tim Mrozowski, and Dr. Mohamed El-Gafy.
  • Sustainability in the EMU Curriculum: Dean's program Development Initiative (PDI). Submitted on October 15, 2010 by our EMU Sustainability Fellowship Group, led by Dr. Chris Mayda. $5,000.00 awarded on December 3, plus a ¼ release time for the lead applicant valued at $15,000.00.
  • 2007/2008 research fellowship on, "Designing and building to minimize construction waste;" 2008/2009 research fellowship on, "Reused and Recycled Contents in Commercial Buildings" and "Designing and Building for Non-Destructive Deconstruction;" and 2010/2011 research fellowship on, "Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) Systems." The Christman Company sponsored these research projects with $20,000.00
  • Energy Efficient Housing Research Partnerships – $1.5 million proposal submitted on June 2010 to National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Proposal # RDJ-0-40283
  • Michigan Alliance for Renewable Schools (MARS) for Michigan Public Service Commission – a $5+ million proposal submitted on March 2009 for Michigan Energy Efficiency Grant (Case No. U-13129)
  • Evaluating the Cost-Benefit Performance of Water Conservation Measures and Resultant Energy Efficiency of Selected Commercial and Institutional Buildings in Michigan – a $1.25 million proposal submitted on October 2008 for EPA's National Risk Management Research Laboratory Advanced Decentralized Water/Energy Network Design for Sustainable Infrastructure
  • Won Faculty Research Fellowship SS&M award based on Investigating Affordable Dwelling Quality and Preferences of Urban Young and Poor, 2007
  • Attribution and documentation of faults and defects among Hampton University building stock – seed grant requested from Hampton University 2003 (Research report completed and submitted in April, 2005)
  • Australia's residential building systems and failures analysis – $230,000 Australian Research Council Discovery Project award sought for three years duration (sole chief investigator) – School of Architecture and Building, Deakin University, Australia, 2003
  • Open-plan office concepts determine effective facilities space management – $69,099 Australian Research Council Linkage project awarded on 2 October 2002 for three years duration from 2003-2005 (chief investigator with Dr Treloar; Bovis Lend Lease is the industry partner contributing $30,000 cash/kind) – School of Architecture and Building, Deakin University, Australia, 2002
  • A mobile architecture and building environmental laboratory (MABEL) – $1.5 million awarded on 25 July 2002 by Science, Technology and Innovation Initiative, Victorian Government Department of State and Regional Development (in charge of facilities management aspect) – School of Architecture and Building, Deakin University, Australia, 2002
  • Modeling greenhouse gas emissions associated with commercial buildings – $103,000 Australian Research Council Discovery grant awarded in November 2001for three years duration from 2002-2004 (chief investigator with Dr Treloar) – School of Architecture and Building, Deakin University, Australia, 2001
  • Embodied energy modeling of individual commercial buildings – $67,635 Australian Research Council Linkage project awarded in November 2001 for three years duration from 2002-2004 (chief investigator with Dr Treloar; Sinclair Knight Merz is the industry partner contributing $45,000 cash/kind) – School of Architecture and Building, Deakin University, Australia, 2001
  • Open-plan office layout: Determination of its impact on facilities management (EPSRC grant worth £20,000.00 per annum) – co-investigator with Professor Paul Olomolaiye – School of Architecture and Building, Deakin University Australia, and School of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom, 2002
  • Facilities management environmental design toolkit, 2002 [sponsored by the Facility Management Association (FMA) of Australia (IFMA's Australian sister organization) and industry stakeholders worth $250,000.00] – charged with heading up Deakin's BERG involvement – School of Architecture and Building, Deakin University Australia in collaboration with Bovis Lend Lease, Connell Wagner Pty Ltd, Lincoln Scott Australia Pty Ltd, Archi-Tektonic Pty Ltd and Sally Kollosche Interior Design – preliminary proposal was short-listed by FMA for final consideration

Awards and Patents

  • 2015, invited to the editorial board membership of Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP)
  • 2014, appointed by the facility management accreditation commission of IFMA Foundation to the Task Force on the Council on Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA) accreditation for the FMAC process.
  • 2011, Invited to become editorial board member of OMICS Publishing Group's Journal of Civil and Design Engineering
  • 2010, appointed to the American Council for Construction Education's Finance Committee, and Guidance Committee.
  • 2010, awarded an outstanding reviewer at the Emerald Literati Network Awards for Excellence
  • 2010, selected for the very impressive and significant contribution made as the title's most outstanding reviewer to the Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology throughout 2009. The most outstanding reviewers are chosen following consultation amongst the journal's editors, who are eminent academics or managers.
  • 2007, invited to become an executive peer review editor for The Journal of Higher Education Excellence
  • 2006, adopted into the editorial board of the Journal of Construction – Dr. Theo Haupt is editor-in-chief
  • 2004, invited to advise the International Academy of African Business and Development (IAABD) president, and assist in its drive for conference and expansion donor funds, as well as editorial of its journal publications
  • 2004, congratulated for name inclusion in 2000 Outstanding Scientists of the 21st Century – 2004 – (International Scientist of the Year for 2004) by the International Biographical Center (IBC) Cambridge, CB2 3QP, United Kingdom
  • 2003, congratulated for inclusion of name in the 7th Edition of the US Marquis Who's Who in Science and Engineering for contributions to research and knowledge in the built environment
  • 2003, adopted into the editorial board of the Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology – Dr. Theo Haupt is editor-in-chief
  • 2002, within one month of being tenured as faculty, awarded accelerated promotional increment in recognition of "outstanding contribution" to research, teaching and service at Deakin University's School of Architecture and Building
  • 2002, received Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) UK Prize for Best Paper on Sustainability in Facilities Management
  • 2002, received British Institute of Facilities Management Commended Best Paper on Facilities Management Innovation
  • 2002, adopted into the editorial board of American Society of Civil Engineers' Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities – Professor Ken Carper is editor-in-chief.
  • 2002, invited to chair CIB (Conseil International du Batiment, known from 1998 as International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction) Conference on Globalization and Competitiveness of the building and construction industry at University of Cincinnati, USA
  • 2002, $1.5m awarded by science, technology and innovation initiative, Victorian Government Department of State and Regional Development for a mobile architecture and building environmental laboratory (MABEL) – involved a team from the Built Environment Research Group of the School of Architecture and Building at Deakin University. My responsibility in the team is facilities management. Collaborators: Deakin's School of Architecture Built Environment Research Group (BERG) collaborating with School of Architecture and Design (Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology), Macquarie Research Ltd, Physics Lighting Division (Queensland University of Technology), School of the Built Environment (Victoria University of Technology), CSIRO Building Construction and Engineering, ARUP Acoustic Engineering, Connel Mott MacDonald Engineers, FibreWork Industries Pty Ltd, Sunlight Solar Systems Australia Pty Ltd, and Hollowcore Concrete Pty Ltd.
  • 2002, invited as visiting professor of architecture by the then dean of the College of Architecture and Design, Lawrence Technological University, Michigan
  • 2002, invited to deliver a keynote address at the Australian Institute of Project Management Forum in Geelong
  • 2002, nominated to review for the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), United Kingdom
  • 2001, invited to assume the role of professional competence and proficiency assessor for prospective members of the Facility Management Association of Australia through DeakinPrime's Korum
  • 2001, invited to review and develop a comprehensive training and continuous education program for architects by Archicentre, a subsidiary of the Royal Australian Institute of Architects (RAIA)
  • 2001, made editor (Asia Pacific) MCB University Press Journal of Management Development, UK
  • 2001, invited as visiting research professor by Dean of School of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of Wolverhampton, UK
  • 2000, Excellence Award in Facility Management Research finalist awarded by the Facility Management Association (FMA) of Australia
  • 1999, Excellence Award in Facility Management Research awarded by the FMA
  • 1998, Excellence Award in Facility Management Research awarded by the FMA

Professional Memberships and Affiliations

2008, LEED Accredited Professional
2004, #01-566 EESA-NCARB/NAAB
2004, AIA, Associate Member
1998, Facility Management Association of Australia (FMA)
1997, Architects Accreditation Council of Australia (AACA) of the Royal Australian Institute of Architects (RAIA)
1991, Architects Registration Council of Nigeria (ARCON), 967th Licensed Architect and Serial Seal Number since 1991
1991, Nigerian Institute of Architects (MNIA), 1001th registered member

Additional Information

Recent Ph.D. Graduates Supervised:

  • Ph.D. dissertation on building information modeling and integrated project delivery in the commercial construction industry, David Kelly (Midwest Business Manager at Turner Construction), successfully defended on February 10, 2015
  • Ph.D. dissertation on Investigating the use of porous asphalt on Michigan roads, Bryan Knakiewicz (assistant professor at Savannah State University, Georgia), successfully defended on June 24, 2014

Recent Student Achievements:

  • In fall 2014, his then Ph.D. student, David Kelly, was recognized by the Project Management Institute and the PMI-Educational Foundation. His paper titled "Overdesign and Over-specification in Building Construction" won the 2014 PMI Donald S. Barrie award for the best paper on construction project management.
  • His students (Joe Kennan, Tim Cunningham, Emily Adams, and Tom Shanley) were among the student competition team that placed second for Region 3 (extending from Kentucky to Wisconsin) of the Associated Schools of Construction in the Commercial Division of October, 2009.