Front image
direct edit


EMU Research

Summary of Export Control Regulations

Export Control laws are federal laws designed to prevent foreign citizens, industry, governments, or their representatives from obtaining information that is contrary to the national security interests of the United States.

Export Control regulations apply to:

  • Transfer of controlled equipment, data, and materials to foreign countries
  • Disclosure of controlled information to foreign individuals in the United States (“deemed export”)
  • Access to controlled equipment, technology, or information to foreign individuals
  • Providing services to or transactions with countries or individuals who are on embargo lists

Export Control regulations are overseen by three federal organizations: the Department of Commerce, Department of State, and Department of the Treasury.

Department of Commerce Regulations

The Export Administration Regulations (EAR) are enforced by the Department of commerce. The EAR regulate exports of commercial and dual-use materials, software, and technology (i.e., goods used for both military and non-military applications).

The EAR identifies items subject to export control restrictions on the Commerce Control List. Export of items on this list might require a license from the Commerce Department. Contact the Office of Research Compliance if you think you might need a license.

Items that are not on the Commerce Control List can generally be exported without a license except to sanctioned countries, entities, and individuals.

Department of State Regulations

The International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) are enforced by the Department of State. The ITAR regulate export of defense items, services, and materials suited for military applications and brokering activities. The defense items, services, and materials can be exports from the United States or re-exports from other countries of defense items, services, and materials that originated in the United States.

Items and services subject to ITAR are listed in the United States Munitions List. ITAR also control other materials and technologies that have been designed, developed, configured, adapted, or modified for the military and that have predominantly (but not exclusively) military applications. Exporters of ITAR items must obtain written authorization from the Department of State. If you think you are exporting ITAR items or technologies, contact the Office of Research Compliance. Note that the Department of State generally denies applications for exports to embargoed countries.

Department of Treasury Regulations

The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) enforces sanctions against targeted countries. The sanctions might include restrictions on exports, transactions, and travel. A list of OFAC sanction programs can be found at

OFAC also administers sanctions against individuals and entities who may be agents of sanctioned countries, terrorism sponsoring organizations, international drug traffickers, weapons distributors, or who may threaten national security. These entities and individuals are identified on the List of Specially Designated Nationals.

If you have any concerns regarding licensing, travel, or sharing information with foreign nationals, contact the Office of Research Compliance at 734-487-3090 for assistance.

Elevating Communities, Inspiring Generations

EMU Research, 200 Boone Phone: 734.487.3090 mail [email protected]