Privacy is essential to the exercise of free speech, free thought, and free association. In this library the right to privacy is the right to open inquiry without having the subject of one’s interest examined or scrutinized by others. Confidentiality exists when a library is in possession of personally identifiable information about users and keeps that information private on their behalf.
The courts have upheld the right to privacy based on the Bill of Rights of the U.S. Constitution. Citizens of the state of Michigan are protected by Chapter 397 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, The Library Privacy Act. This library's privacy and confidentiality policies are in compliance with applicable federal, state, and local laws.
Our commitment to patron privacy and confidentiality has deep roots not only in law, but also in the ethics and practices of librarianship. In accordance with the American Library Association’s Code of Ethics: “We protect each library user’s right to privacy and confidentiality with respect to information sought or received and resources consulted, borrowed, acquired, or transmitted.”
1. Notice & Openness
Library users have the right of “notice” -- to be informed about the policies governing the amount and retention of personally identifiable information, and about why that information is necessary for the provision of library services.
We post publicly and acknowledge openly the privacy and information-gathering policies of this library. Whenever policies change, notice of those changes is disseminated widely to our users.
In all cases we avoid creating unnecessary records, we avoid retaining records not needed for the fulfillment of the mission of the library, and we do not engage in practices that might place information on public view.
Information we may gather and retain about current and valid library users include the following:
2. Choice & Consent
This policy explains our information practices and the choices patrons can make about the way the library collects and uses patron information. We will not collect or retain library patron’s private and personally identifiable information without the patron’s consent. Further, if the patron consents to give us personally identifiable information, we will keep it confidential and will not sell, license or disclose personal information to any third party without the patron’s consent, unless we are compelled to do so under the law or to comply with a court order.
If the patron wishes to receive borrowing or interlibrary loan privileges, we must obtain certain information about the patron in order to provide the patron with a library account. If the patron is affiliated with Eastern Michigan University, the library automatically receives personally identifiable information to create and update the patron’s library account from the Registrar's Office (for students) or Human Resources (for employees).
When visiting our library’s web site and using our electronic services, the patron may choose or be asked to provide their name, e-mail address, library card barcode, phone number or home address.
We never use or share the personally identifiable information provided to us online in ways unrelated to the ones described above without also providing the patron an opportunity to prohibit such unrelated uses, unless we are compelled to do so under the law or to comply with a court order. The US Patriot Act dictates that personal information may be given to Federal agents without the knowledge of our library patrons and that Library and EMU may be forbidden by law from giving patrons any knowledge of this disclosure.
3. Access by Users
Individuals who use library services that require the use of personally identifiable information are entitled to view and update their information. The patron may view their personal information online or in person and request that it be updated if it is not correct. In both instances, the patron may be asked to provide some sort of verification of identity.
The purpose of accessing and updating the patron’s personally identifiable information is to ensure that library operations can function properly. Such functions may include notification of overdue items, recalls, reminders, etc. The library will explain the process of accessing or updating the patron’s information so that all personally identifiable information is accurate and up to date.
Data Integrity: The data we collect and maintain at the library must be accurate and secure. We take reasonable steps to assure data integrity, including: using only reputable sources of data; providing our users access to their own personally identifiable data; updating data whenever possible; utilizing middleware authentication systems that authorize use without requiring personally identifiable information; destroying untimely data or converting it to anonymous form.
Data Retention: We protect personally identifiable information from unauthorized disclosure once it is no longer needed to manage library services. Information that should be regularly purged or shredded includes personally identifiable information on library resource use and material circulation history.
Tracking Users: We remove links between patron records and materials borrowed when items are returned and we delete records as soon as the original purpose for data collection has been satisfied. Billing and fine information is retained as long as necessary. We permit in-house access to information in all formats without creating a data trail. Our library has invested in appropriate technology to protect the security of any personally identifiable information while it is in the library’s custody, and we ensure that aggregate, summary data is stripped of personally identifiable information. We do not ask library visitors or web site users to identify themselves or reveal any personal information unless they are borrowing materials, requesting special services, registering for programs or classes, or making remote use from outside the library of those portions of the Library's web site restricted to registered borrowers under license agreements or other special arrangements. We discourage users from choosing passwords or PINs that could reveal their identity, including social security numbers. We regularly remove cookies, web history, cached files, or other computer and Internet use records and other software code that is placed on our computers or networks.
Third Party Security: We ensure that our library’s contracts and licenses reflect our policies and legal obligations concerning user privacy and confidentiality. Should a third party require access to our users’ personally identifiable information, our agreements address appropriate restrictions on the use, aggregation, dissemination, and sale of that information, particularly information about minors. In circumstances in which there is a risk that personally identifiable information may be disclosed, we will warn our users. When connecting to licensed databases outside the library, we release only information that authenticates users as "members of our community." Nevertheless, we advise users of the limits to library privacy protection when accessing remote sites
Security Measures: Our security measures involve both managerial and technical policies and procedures to protect against loss and the unauthorized access, destruction, use, or disclosure of the data. Our managerial measures include internal organizational procedures that limit access to data and ensure that those individuals with access do not utilize the data for unauthorized purposes. Our technical security measures to prevent unauthorized access include encryption in the transmission and storage of data; limits on access through use of passwords; and storage of data on secure servers or computers that are inaccessible from a modem or network connection.
Staff access to personal data: We permit only authorized Library or ICT staff with assigned confidential passwords to access personal data stored in the Library’s computer system for the purpose of performing library work. We will not disclose any personal data we collect from library patrons to any other party except where required by law or to fulfill an individual user's service request. The Library does not sell or lease users' personal information to companies, universities, or individuals.
5. Enforcement & Redress
We authorize only the Dean of the University Library and/or her/his designee to receive or comply with requests from law enforcement officers; we confer with our legal counsel whenever possible before determining the proper response. We will not make library records available to any agency of state, federal, or local government unless: 1) a subpoena, warrant, court order or other investigatory document is issued by a court of competent jurisdiction; or 2) disclosure of the records is otherwise required by law. We have trained all library staff and volunteers to refer any law enforcement inquiries to library administrators.
Halle Library, 955 W. Circle Dr, Ypsilanti MI, USA 48197 Phone:734.487.0020