If you are eligible to apply for a Social Security number, you will need to apply through the Social Security Administration office (nearest one from EMU campus is located at 3971 Research Park Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48108; AATA bus route #6 towards Ann Arbor).
You will need to bring the following documents:
On-Campus Employment - You cannot apply for a SSN more than 30 days prior to your employment start date. You also need to wait to apply until at least 10 days after your initial arrival to the United States as an F-1 or J-1 student.
Curricular Practical Training (CPT) - You cannot apply for a SSN more than 30 days prior to your employment start date.
Academic Training (J-1 students, called AT) - You cannot apply for a SSN more than 30 days prior to your employment start date.
Optional Practical Training (OPT) - You cannot apply for a SSN before the start date on your Employment Authorization Document (EAD card).
F-1 and J-1 Visa Holders: Once you receive your Social Security number, you must notify your employer that you received this number. Your employer will need to see the actual Social Security card. After you have shown your SSN to your employer, you should keep your card in a safe location- not in your wallet.
If you are not eligible for a social security number, you can request a "letter of ineligibility" from the Social Security Administration. You need to present your original I-20/DS-2019, passport, and I-94 card. You will receive the letter right away. You are required to have the letter of ineligibility in order to take the driver's license written test.